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first_img  100 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis30 Fundraising Media DNA delivers direct mail donor insights AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis30 In the latest in our series examining in detail the fast.MAP and the Institute of Fundraising’s Fundraising Media DNA Report, we look at donors’ attitudes to direct mail fundraising.Key Headlines• Direct mail plays a key role in engaging a wide range of audiences, especially with the over-55s• Whilst 18-34s are less engaged, they still score above average on engagement levels. Fundraisers seem to underestimate these figures with younger age groups• Direct mail’s strongest personality attributes are ‘retainable’, ‘preferred channel’ and ‘trustworthy’• Donors’ most likely reaction to receiving direct mail is to donate now or respond later• Download your copy of the Fundraising Media DNA Report and infographic using the free download code UKFU16 Who engages with direct mail?Direct mail is particularly engaging as a fundraising channel across all profiles, especially among the over-55s. Similar to our 2015 results, fundraisers are well aware of the over-55s’ high engagement level this year (Engagement Index: 55+, Estimate 156 vs. Actual 159). However, they again underestimate mail’s popularity among the 18-34s (Engagement Index: 18-34, Estimated 47 vs. Actual 109) and the 35-54s (Engagement Index: 35-54, Estimated 98 vs. Actual 118). Therefore, they risk under-utilising a powerful communication route to the younger age ranges.Source: IoF/fast.MAP Fundraising Media DNA 2016/17 Advertisement Tagged with: direct mail Fundraising Media DNA Individual giving Research / statistics What is direct mail’s personality?Direct mail is a preferred charity communication channel for donors (Preference Index: Overall, 141). People like direct mail because it is trustworthy (Trustworthy Index: 55+, 145) and they sometimes keep it for future reference – the ‘mantelpiece effect’.Being a lasting, tangible and physical channel, unsurprisingly, retention is one of Direct Mail’s strongest attributes (Retainable Index: Overall, 141). People regularly keep direct mail packs for reference, with nearly half of consumers (48%) occasionally keeping an item of interest. Moreover, 17% of these consumers do so regularly (fast.MAP Report for the DMA ‘From Letterbox to Inbox’).For this reason, it is wise to include links to information sources and include various reply routes to prompt response by whichever means is most convenient.Source: IoF/fast.MAP Fundraising Media DNA 2016/17Despite their lower engagement scores, younger people are more likely to share direct mail information than older audiences (Share Index: 18-34, 127; 34-54, 92; 55+, 74).Surprisingly, direct mail has a below average memorability score (Memorable Index: Overall, 89) and since the most common reaction is to donate or respond later (Donate/Respond Later Index: Overall, 105), fundraisers may wish to use this insight to consider the inclusion of devices to prompt a faster response, such as reinforcing the message across several channels or including a deadline.How do donors respond to direct mail?The most likely reaction to a direct mail appeal is to donate or respond later (Donate/Respond Later Index: Overall, 105). This is especially true for the over-55 profile (Donate/Respond Later Index: 55+, 115). However, as they did in 2015, fundraisers still overestimate the likelihood of donors responding later to an appeal (Donate/Respond Later Index: Estimated 123 vs. Actual 105).The fact that delayed responses to direct mail are more likely than immediate responses is unsurprising (Donate/Respond Now Index: Overall, 92; Donate/Respond Later Index: Overall, 105), given its retainability score as mentioned earlier (Retainable Index: Overall, 141). People are likely to keep it for future reference, especially if they want to take more time to read and digest the information. Fundraisers perhaps need to use direct mail with other fundraising channels to help drive response, e.g. sending an email reminder. They may also want to consider including a deadline to encourage response by a particular time, e.g. for a Christmas appeal. “Direct mail is one of the most consistent and successful fundraising channels. However, as more technically creative and innovative communications develop, perhaps less attention in recent years has been given to more tried and trusted fundraising campaigns and channels.”“Similar to last year, fundraisers seem to be underestimating the engagement levels with direct mail – particularly amongst 18-34s. While the focus on new and emerging channels is of course welcome, fundraisers should be thinking about how these can be complemented and enriched with postal communication.”Daniel Fluskey, Head of Policy and Research, Institute of Fundraising“More traditional media, such as direct mail, still play a key role in engaging a wide range of audiences. Research shows that this includes younger donors as well as the over 55s, which suggests that we have to move away from stereotypically assigning ‘old’ media with older age groups.“It is important that charities consider what messaging will work for each audience, as it will not necessarily be the same proposition and execution for each group. Pre-testing campaigns via online research can help identify what appeals to who – and why.”David Cole, Managing Director, fast.MAPFundraising campaigns can be tailored to be more efficient and effective for different age groups when assumptions and generalisations aren’t made, but instead, research is conducted.To find out more about how people view and interact with different fundraising channels, download Fundraising Media DNA 2016/17 – free, (normally £50) with the following code: UKFU16.  99 total views,  1 views today About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving. Source: IoF/fast.MAP Fundraising Media DNA 2016/17What do people say about direct mail?“As a one-to- one medium, direct mail has traditionally been strong in the areas of targeting and personalisation and this is reflected by it being seen by all the groups as being ‘relevant to my likes and dislikes’, with the highest scores in the female and, perhaps surprisingly, the 18-34 groups. Ensuring that the mailing is relevant to the recipient has also made sure that direct mail is considered to have ‘interesting content’.”Claire Gingell, Head of Marketing, ONEPOST Howard Lake | 20 December 2016 | Newslast_img read more

first_img SHARE Home Indiana Agriculture News U.S., Canada and Mexico Taking Measures to Prevent Swine Fever Spread SHARE Previous articleISDA Accepting Applications for Specialty Crop GrantsNext articleCommentary: Food Police Plan to Attack Kroger NAFB News Service Facebook Twitter U.S., Canada and Mexico Taking Measures to Prevent Swine Fever Spread The United States, Canada and Mexico are seeking measures to prevent the spread of African swine fever to North America. Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue told Reuters “it’s important that we function together as one,” in speaking on the effort to keep the disease from spreading. African swine fever has spread through China’s hog populations and parts of Europe, sparking fear of further spread globally.Market analysts say if the disease spreads to the United States it could curb shipments in the $6.5 billion export market for American pork. The highly contagious disease can cause death for hogs in just two days. The disease is not harmful to humans, but there is no vaccine for hogs and transmission of the disease can occur easily through contact between animals, or through contaminated feed, and even humans traveling from a contaminated site to an uncontaminated site. By NAFB News Service – Feb 24, 2019 Facebook Twitterlast_img read more

first_img Organisation February 7, 2007 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Conservative daily banned for insulting Sunni Muslims Reporters Without Borders today condemned the closure of the conservative daily Siassat Rouz since 3 February on the orders of the Press Monitoring Commission because of an article deemed to be an insult to Iran’s Sunni minority.“There was no justification for closing this newspaper,” the press freedom organisation said, calling for the immediate lifting of the ban. “In Iran, censorship is regarded as a normal method for managing the press, but each time the courts convict a journalist or the authorities decide to close a newspaper for no good reason, it is the public arena that is being restricted.”The Press Monitoring Commission’s grounds for ordering the closure of Siassat Rouz (Farsi for “Politics Today”) on 3 February was an article regarded as an “insult to Sunni Muslims.” Reuters said the article, published on 1 February, gave the impression that the newspaper criticised the second caliphate of Omar Ibn al-Khattab. Siassat Rouz’s management published an apology the next day, blaming a typographical error.In a separate case, journalist Shirko Jahani was freed on 3 February after paying bail of 50 million rials (4,200 euros). Reporters Without Borders has been told he was mistreated during the more than two months he spent in detention. He still faces prosecution for writing critical articles that were published in foreign media.The Tehran revolutionary court meanwhile acquitted journalist Jila Baniyaghoob on 4 February. She had been accused of “acting against national security” and “participating in an illegal demonstration” for covering a demonstration on 12 June 2006 by several thousand women to demand changes in the laws that affect them. Follow the news on Iran News March 18, 2021 Find out more After Hengameh Shahidi’s pardon, RSF asks Supreme Leader to free all imprisoned journalists IranMiddle East – North Africa News Help by sharing this information RSF_en center_img Iran: Press freedom violations recounted in real time January 2020 News Receive email alerts IranMiddle East – North Africa June 9, 2021 Find out more to go further News Call for Iranian New Year pardons for Iran’s 21 imprisoned journalists February 25, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

first_img The Coca-Cola Company Introduces Bottles Made from 100% Recycled Materials* in the United States By Digital AIM Web Support – February 9, 2021 Pinterest ATLANTA–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Feb 9, 2021– The Coca-Cola Company announced today in the United States the introduction of a new 13.2oz bottle made from 100% recycled plastic material (rPET)*. This new bottle will be available first in the company’s biggest and most iconic brand: Coca-Cola®. In addition, the company announced today in the U.S. the transition to bottles made from 100% recycled plastic material* across a selection of brands in the portfolio, including DASANI® and smartwater®, which will be available in various package sizes this year. The moves are a substantial step in addressing plastic waste, among the top environmental concerns globally, reducing the company’s use of new plastic by more than 20% across the portfolio in North America compared to 2018. This press release features multimedia. View the full release here: All-new 13.2oz bottles made from 100% recycled plastic material (does not include the bottle’s cap and label) (Photo: Business Wire) Starting this month in select states in the Northeast, Florida and California, Coca-Cola Trademark (Coke, Diet Coke, Coke Zero Sugar, Coca-Cola Flavors) will roll out the all-new, 13.2oz bottle made from 100% rPET*. The new bottle is conveniently sized in a more sippable package and reduces the use of new plastic. This summer, the 13.2oz, 100% rPET* bottle will roll out across additional sparkling beverage brands nationwide. As part of a portfolio approach, 20oz bottles made from 100% rPET* are being introduced across Coca-Cola, Coke Zero Sugar, Diet Coke and Coca-Cola Flavors beginning this month in California and New York and will continue to roll out this Spring in Texas. DASANI and smartwater will follow suit, introducing 20oz bottles made from 100% rPET* in March and July, respectively. Finally, in February, people in select markets will see a new 13.2oz clear bottle from Sprite, also made from 100% rPET*. The clear package makes it easier for bottles to be recycled and remade into new bottles. All Sprite packaging will transition to clear packaging by the end of 2022. “Given our scale and resources, we realize our unique opportunity and clear responsibility to make a positive difference in the global plastic crisis, bringing us closer to our ambitious World Without Waste goals,” said Alpa Sutaria, Vice President and General Manager, Sustainability, North America Operating Unit, The Coca-Cola Company. “Plastic is a valuable packaging resource and these innovations in the U.S. represent meaningful action that focus not just on what goes into the bottles, but on innovation of the bottles themselves.” In 2018, the company pledged robust World Without Waste goals to collect and recycle the equivalent of a bottle or can for every one the company sells by 2030, to make 100% of packaging recyclable by 2025 and to use 50% recycled material in bottles and cans by 2030. By introducing 100% rPET bottles* in the United States, this marks a total of 19 markets globally offering recycled packaging. Using internal company tools and analyses, it is estimated that in the United States, these innovations represent a 10,000 metric tons reduction in GHG emissions annually – the equivalent of taking 2,120 cars off the road for one year. Amidst this rollout, The Coca-Cola Company aims to inspire everyone to join in reducing waste, with the largest on-package messaging effort by the company to-date. Each 100% rPET package* will feature on cap messaging, as well as a “Recycle Me Again” message on the label to encourage people to take action and recycle their bottles so that they can be remade into new ones, supporting closed-loop recycling systems and circular economies. For more information on the new 13.2oz bottles and this 100% rPET announcement visit: *Does not include the bottle’s cap and label About The Coca-Cola Company The Coca-Cola Company (NYSE: KO) is a total beverage company with products sold in more than 200 countries and territories. Our company’s purpose is to refresh the world and make a difference. Our portfolio of brands includes Coca-Cola, Sprite, Fanta and other sparkling soft drinks. Our hydration, sports, coffee and tea brands include Dasani, smartwater, vitaminwater, Topo Chico, Powerade, Costa, Georgia, Gold Peak, Honest and Ayataka. Our nutrition, juice, dairy and plant-based beverage brands include Minute Maid, Simply, innocent, Del Valle, fairlife and AdeS. We’re constantly transforming our portfolio, from reducing sugar in our drinks to bringing innovative new products to market. We seek to positively impact people’s lives, communities and the planet through water replenishment, packaging recycling, sustainable sourcing practices and carbon emissions reductions across our value chain. Together with our bottling partners, we employ more than 700,000 people, helping bring economic opportunity to local communities worldwide. Learn more at and follow us on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook and LinkedIn. View source version on CONTACT: Abby Peck [email protected] KEYWORD: GEORGIA UNITED STATES NORTH AMERICA INDUSTRY KEYWORD: ENVIRONMENT HISPANIC PACKAGING CHEMICALS/PLASTICS FOOD/BEVERAGE CONSUMER MANUFACTURING RETAIL SOURCE: The Coca-Cola Company Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 02/09/2021 09:00 AM/DISC: 02/09/2021 09:01 AM Facebook Facebook WhatsApp Twittercenter_img Twitter Pinterest WhatsApp Local NewsBusiness TAGS  Previous articleNomad Foods to Present at 2021 CAGNY Virtual ConferenceNext articleTravelers Named a 2021 Military Friendly® Company Digital AIM Web Supportlast_img read more

first_img Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Tagged with: Negative Equity RealtyTrac Seriously Underwater Mortgages The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Previous: Fed, SEC Approve Risk Retention Rule Next: New York Regulator Accuses Servicer of Sending Backdated Foreclosure Notices Nevada, Florida, and Illinois were the top three states in negative equity for residential properties in the third quarter of 2014, marking the fourth consecutive quarter those three states led the nation in that category, according to RealtyTrac’s Home Equity & Underwater Report for Q3 2014 released Thursday.Nevada topped all states with 31 percent of all residential properties seriously underwater, or with negative equity, meaning the combined loan amount secured by the property is at least 25 percent higher than the property’s estimated market value. Florida, which also has the nation’s highest foreclosure rate, came in second among states with a negative equity rate of 28 percent. Illinois was third with 26 percent. Michigan (25 percent) and Rhode Island (22 percent) rounded out the top 5, according to RealtyTrac.The list of top metropolitan areas with a population of 500,000 or more with the highest seriously underwater rate closely followed the corresponding list of states. Las Vegas, Nevada, and Lakeland, Florida, tied for the top spot among metropolitan areas with the highest negative equity rate with 34 percent each, followed by three Florida metro areas: Palm-Bay-Melbourne-Titusville (31 percent), Orlando (30 percent), and Jacksonville (30 percent). Detroit was sixth on the list at 20 percent, according to RealtyTrac.Colorado topped the list of states with the highest percentage of residential properties that were in the foreclosure process despite having positive equity, with 73 percent. Montana was second with 71 percent, followed by Oklahoma at 69 percent, according to RealtyTrac. The metro areas that led the nation in this category were Denver (79 percent), Pittsburgh (78 percent), Honolulu (77 percent), Baton Rouge (74 percent), and San Jose (73 percent).The nation’s major metropolitan areas with the highest percentage of equity-rich residential properties, meaning the properties had an equity of at least 50 percent, were San Jose (45 percent), San Francisco (41 percent), Honolulu (36 percent), Los Angeles (32 percent), and New York (31 percent), according to RealtyTrac.Nationwide, 8.1 million residential properties in the U.S. with a mortgage (about 15 percent) were seriously underwater in Q3, which is the lowest level since RealtyTrac began tracking the data in Q1 2012. Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Same Three States Top Negative Equity List in Q3 for Fourth Straight Quarter Related Articles About Author: Brian Honea Brian Honea’s writing and editing career spans nearly two decades across many forms of media. He served as sports editor for two suburban newspaper chains in the DFW area and has freelanced for such publications as the Yahoo! Contributor Network, Dallas Home Improvement magazine, and the Dallas Morning News. He has written four non-fiction sports books, the latest of which, The Life of Coach Chuck Curtis, was published by the TCU Press in December 2014. A lifelong Texan, Brian received his master’s degree from Amberton University in Garland. Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago in Daily Dose, Featured, Market Studies, News Negative Equity RealtyTrac Seriously Underwater Mortgages 2014-10-23 Brian Honeacenter_img The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Share Save Home / Daily Dose / Same Three States Top Negative Equity List in Q3 for Fourth Straight Quarter Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Subscribe Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago  Print This Post October 23, 2014 955 Views Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Sign up for DS News Daily Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days agolast_img read more

first_img  Print This Post Previous: Foreclosure Filings Slowing in 2020 Next: Understanding Foreclosure Process on Digital Mortgages Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago July 16, 2020 1,602 Views in Daily Dose, Featured, Government, News Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Phil Hall is a former United Nations-based reporter for Fairchild Broadcast News, the author of nine books, the host of the award-winning SoundCloud podcast “The Online Movie Show,” co-host of the award-winning WAPJ-FM talk show “Nutmeg Chatter” and a writer with credits in The New York Times, New York Daily News, Hartford Courant, Wired, The Hill’s Congress Blog and Profit Confidential. His real estate finance writing has been published in the ABA Banking Journal, Secondary Marketing Executive, Servicing Management, MortgageOrb, Progress in Lending, National Mortgage Professional, Mortgage Professional America, Canadian Mortgage Professional, Mortgage Professional News, Mortgage Broker News and HousingWire. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is pushing back at efforts to force its withdrawal of a proposed rule to amend its interpretation of the Fair Housing Act’s disparate impact standard, according to a piece from Politico.In announcing the proposed rule last August, HUD insisted it would not impact its determinations of intentional discrimination, citing a 2015 decision by the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the use of the “disparate impact” theory to establish liability under the Fair Housing Act for business policies and local ordinances, even if the policy or ordinance was neutral but still resulted in a disproportionate impact on a protected class without legally sufficient justification.HUD noted at the time that the proposed disparate impact rule would provide a “framework for establishing legal liability for facially neutral practices that have unintended discriminatory effects on classes of persons protected under the Fair Housing Act.”For the past few weeks, HUD has been pressured by executives within the real estate finance industry to rescind its proposed rule. Bank of America Vice Chairman Anne Finucane expressed her concerns in a letter to Federal Housing Commissioner Brian D. Montgomery, citing the national protests for social equality following the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis police custody.“Over the last several weeks, our nation has experienced a series of tragic events that have led to a collective heightened awareness of systemic racism,” Finucane wrote. “We have all witnessed the expressions of anguish and anger about what has happened and have developed a greater understanding of and sensitivity to the historical roots of those feelings … Given the importance of this moment in history and the very real prospect of progress, we respectfully urge that this is not a time for actions, however well-intentioned, that some will interpret as diminishing hard-fought protections. Rather, it is a time for thoughtful reflection so that we can drive meaningful progress on equity and inclusion.”Michael DeVito, EVP and Head of Home Lending at Wells Fargo, sent a letter to HUD Secretary Dr. Benjamin Carson expressing his concern on the timing of the proposed rule.“We appreciate HUD’s efforts to draft the proposed rule, and we support a disparateimpact framework that facilitates the expansion of housing opportunities to underserved communities and provides a clear legal framework to address discrimination,” DeVito wrote. “To achieve that goal, HUD should acknowledge that Americans’ attention to racial discrimination is more pronounced and expansive than when the comment period was open last year. People across the country have considered more closely that centuries of discrimination, segregation, and economic disenfranchisement have lasting impacts today, including discriminatory effects in housing.”The National Association of Realtors (NAR) also sent a letter to Carson stating the proposed rule is coming at the wrong time.“While there is debate … as to whether additional clarity is needed with respect to disparate impact claims, there is broad consensus across the country that now is not the time to issue a regulation that could hinder further progress toward addressing ongoing systemic racism,” wrote NAR President Vince Malta. “We believe this is the time to explore how we may work together to eliminate unnecessary barriers to housing opportunity and advance policies that allow more Americans to fully participate in the American Dream … and respectfully ask that HUD withdraw its proposed rule to amend its interpretation of the Fair Housing Act’s disparate impact standard.”Rocke Andrews, president of the National Association of Mortgage Brokers, also expressed disappointment with HUD’s actions.“Disparate impact in the past has been used to some think unfairly penalize lenders/banks for unintended discrimination,” he said. “Lenders believe the discrimination should be brought to their view and allowed to correct while previous administration at CFPB believed the best way to get their message out (and generate income) was fines. In the present pandemic environment and still unequal distribution of housing among minorities it is thought not to be the best time to eliminate this tool.”Executives from Citi, and Quicken Loans also voiced concern over the proposed rule going into effect. Nikitra Bailey, EVP at the Center for Responsible Lending, praised the industry leaders for speaking up on the issue.“These industry leaders recognize that we can’t backtrack on disparate impact theory at a time when our nation is facing a reckoning over structural racism and inequality,” Bailey said. “Doing so will only perpetuate racial wealth and homeownership gaps … HUD’s move shifts the burden of proof in cases of discrimination from the powerful to the vulnerable, undoing decades of legal precedent and diminishing opportunities for hardworking families to build and hold wealth. HUD must reverse course and ensure that we all live in inclusive communities with an ability to share in the nation’s prosperity.”Carson responded to the claims during an interview with Yahoo.“I’m very glad that Bank of America is interested in this issue,” he said “And you know, they could do a whole lot to improve the situation for minorities by rejoining the FHA’s program for housing. FHA, as you know, is the largest backer of insurance for forward mortgages for minorities, for first-time homebuyers, doing over a million cases last year. Bank of America did about 2,200. So, if they really want to have an impact, this is what they should be thinking about, rather than criticizing a program that they haven’t even seen and don’t know anything about.” The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Sign up for DS News Daily Home / Daily Dose / HUD Responds to Fair Housing Act Criticismscenter_img Tagged with: Fair Housing Act HUD Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago About Author: Phil Hall Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Related Articles Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Share Save HUD Responds to Fair Housing Act Criticisms Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Fair Housing Act HUD 2020-07-16 Mike Albanese The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Subscribelast_img read more

first_img NPHET ‘positive’ on easing restrictions – Donnelly Group water schemes in limbo – O’Domhnaill Help sought in search for missing 27 year old in Letterkenny News By News Highland – December 5, 2014 Guidelines for reopening of hospitality sector published Twitter Pinterest Hundreds of people in Donegal on group water schemes have been left in limbo over water charges.That is accoding to Donegal Councillor Seamus O’Domhnaill.He has claimed the council did not process dozens of applications to take over public and private group water schemes prior to the responsibility for water transferring to Irish Water.Councillor O’Domhnaill says this has left people on group water schemes in a very uncertain position:Audio Player Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. WhatsApp Facebook Google+center_img Pinterest Google+ RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Previous articleTally threatens to withdraw St Mary’s from McKenna CupNext articleGardai investigate overnight break in at council’s Letterkenny office News Highland Calls for maternity restrictions to be lifted at LUH WhatsApp Twitter Three factors driving Donegal housing market – Robinson Facebook 448 new cases of Covid 19 reported today last_img read more

first_img Twitter Newsx Adverts Pinterest Facebook Garda warn snowball throwers to desist Twitter Previous articleGardai investigate weekend fire at St Johnston farmNext articleSchool closures and other cancellations Tuesday 7th News Highland Business Matters Ep 45 – Boyd Robinson, Annette Houston & Michael Margey WhatsApp By News Highland – December 6, 2010 Almost 10,000 appointments cancelled in Saolta Hospital Group this week Pinterestcenter_img LUH system challenged by however, work to reduce risk to patients ongoing – Dr Hamilton Need for issues with Mica redress scheme to be addressed raised in Seanad also WhatsApp RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Google+ Calls for maternity restrictions to be lifted at LUH Google+ Facebook Parent are being urged to discouraged the children from throwing snowing snow balls at vehicles and people’s homes.If follows a case in west Donegal in which an elderly woman was trapped in her home by a group of youths who were hurling snowballs at her property.There are also numberous reports across the county of cars being struck by snowballs.Crime Prevention Officer Paul Wallace says it is important parents ensure they know what their children are doing: Guidelines for reopening of hospitality sector published last_img read more

first_imgNews Twitter Man arrested in Derry on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences released Facebook By News Highland – December 4, 2013 HSE warns of ‘widespread cancellations’ of appointments next week Facebook Dail to vote later on extending emergency Covid powers Pinterest RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Pinterest Google+center_img Previous articleNumber of people signing on drops againNext articleSeven Ministerial advisers in breach of government pay cap News Highland WhatsApp Twitter Dail hears questions over design, funding and operation of Mica redress scheme WhatsApp 70% of Cllrs nationwide threatened, harassed and intimidated over past 3 years – Report The justice minister says over 30,000 people have applied to join the Gardaí.Alan Shatter says advertisements seeking a new batch of Garda recruits will be published next week.He says the number of people who’ve expressed an interest in joining the force is over three times more than usual.And he says it’s possible that even more people will apply for Garda training in Templemore next year:[podcast][/podcast] Over ver 30,000 people have applied to join the Gardaí Google+ Minister McConalogue says he is working to improve fishing quota last_img read more

first_imgColumnsThe Supreme Court Judge Who Was Jailed By Government Of India Naman Jain9 Aug 2020 5:12 AMShare This – xThe States Reorganisation Act, 1956 saw major reform of the internal boundaries of India, with States being drawn up on linguistic lines. The state of Kerala, as we know it today, came into existence on November 1, 1956, and with it, in 1957, came the first democratically elected Communist Government in India (and probably only the second in the world), with E.M.S. Namboodiripad…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe States Reorganisation Act, 1956 saw major reform of the internal boundaries of India, with States being drawn up on linguistic lines. The state of Kerala, as we know it today, came into existence on November 1, 1956, and with it, in 1957, came the first democratically elected Communist Government in India (and probably only the second in the world), with E.M.S. Namboodiripad (popularly known as EMS) at the helm – a fact with which I became acquainted only recently. Out of curiosity, I started reading more about this “triumph” of Communism (which was short lived at first, as the first EMS govt was dismissed on July 31, 1959). A glance at the first EMS Ministry revealed a curious name – Shri. V. R. Krishna Iyer, who, during the course of his ministership, went on to hold the portfolios for law, justice, home, irrigation, power, prisons, social welfare, electricity and inland navigation. As a judge, Justice Krishna Iyer is widely acknowledged to have thoroughly Indianised, and might I add, humanised, the colonial traditions that had continued to grip the Top Court for quite a few of its initial years. Justice Krishna Iyer’s jurisprudence was inimitable, easy enough for the layman to understand, yet, often requiring one to refer a dictionary or a thesaurus. Justice S. M. Sikri is reported to have stated at one point that he did not understand Krishna Iyer’s judgements. This inimitable jurisprudence, however, almost single handedly rewrote the Constitution, gearing it more towards ensuring access to justice for the common man, and helped transform “the Supreme Court of India into the Supreme Court for Indians”. A most ardent crusader for justice, he firmly believed that fearless justice is a prominent creed of our Constitution. No wonder, Fali Nariman considers Justice Krishna Iyer to be India’s Lord Denning. Volumes have already been written about the body of work that has endlessly enriched Indian jurisprudence, and has indeed laid bare the original intent and aspiration of the framers of our Constitution, truly bringing it to life. This article does not attempt to add to those volumes, but merely tries to trace out the source of the fountain from which sprang forth this unique jurisprudence. It appears, Justice Krishna Iyer, one of the most distinguished justices to have adorned the Top Court, and unlike any other judge at the Supreme Court, had a criminal history and a substantial political past. It is from this past that the Krishna Iyer School of Law evolved during the course of his judgeship, which continued to actively attract adherents far and wide, well after his retirement. Born on 15 November, 1915 at Palghat in Palakkad District, located in the then Madras Presidency, and presently part of the State of Kerala, Krishna Iyer was heavily influenced by his father, who was a prominent lawyer practicing at Tellicherry and Malabar District Courts. Having completed his basic legal education in 1937, Krishna Iyer was called to the bar in Malabar, in 1938, and joined his father at the District Courts, where he continued for many years. Although the father-son duo had a varied clientele, ranging from industrialists and landlords to poor peasants, the son soon found himself drawn to the cause of the helpless and the downtrodden, driven heavily by idealism. He would often use the income from the affluent clientele to offset the flourishing pro-bono practice he was cultivating. Kerala, at that time, was witnessing a storm. Kingdom of Travancore was flirting with the idea of transforming into an independent country, based on the “American model”. The proposal did not go down well with the Communists, who were present in significant numbers in the region, their ranks swelled on account of the incoming masses of peasants, following the brutal famine conditions. Riots were a frequent occurrence, and at one point, the Communists had even established a “self-government” in the area – which was, however, savagely put down by the Travancore Army and Navy. On 18 July, 1947 the Maharaja issued a Royal Proclamation creating an Independent Travancore. On 25 July, an attempt was made on the life of Sir C. P. Ramaswamy Iyer, the Dewan of Travancore, who was also the architect of the aforesaid flirtations. On 30 July, the Maharaja wrote to Lord Mountbatten, a letter intimating his decision to sign the Instrument of Accession to the Indian Union, “though not without hesitation”. That was not the end of it. After several rounds of discussions, the Kingdom of Travancore finally acceded to the Indian Union in 1949, and merged with the Kingdom of Cochin to form the short-lived State of Travancore-Kochi. Thereafter, the Communist movement in Kerala would only grow from strength to strength. Committed to the cause of the oppressed and the suppressed, Krishna Iyer could not stay aloof from the popular movements of the day – peasants struggles, workers’ strikes and the arrest of local leaders who were taking forward these movements. State action against such movements often led to criminal proceedings. Certainly, he was pulled right into the eye of the storm. Rising to the challenge, he rose to be a leading lawyer on the criminal side as well, often representing leaders from across the political spectrum. Of course, staying true to his convictions, he also represented the “peasant militants” of his region with equal vigour, and often, without any financial benefit. Recalling those years, he states “Gently I became a public figure of sorts without party affiliation. Communists like P. Krishna Pillai were often visiting me. Gandhians and bitter type of Congressmen who were not for power or office used to visit me frequently.” His early professional success and contact with communist struggles (working class and peasantry) drew him into the court as a defender of local Communists even in sensational cases of murder and rioting. There were times when Krishna Iyer would, while defending a “Communist”, let fly a wisecrack or two at the judge hearing the case. On such occasions, he often found himself being advised by “well-meaning” colleagues and seniors, sometimes even judges, to not spoil his career at such an early stage, by appearing for Communists. Krishna Iyer paid no heed to such well-meaning exhortations, for he was singularly committed to the cause of justice. He was able to organise a legal-aid service through which about ten lawyers started appearing for industrial workers and agricultural labourers. However, one fine afternoon, in May, 1948, Krishna Iyer was placed under arrest, under accusations of actively helping Communists in their violent activities and providing hideouts for them. One of the more colourful charges against him was that he used the courts for political propaganda. The arrest could not be justified by the police in Court and consequently he was released after spending about a month in jail. The experience of it stayed with him nevertheless, and not merely as a subdued memory. This is how he recapitulated the event: “You sit in the lock-up which has iron bars to separate you from the outside world and when friends come they look on you like animals in the zoo. Answering the calls of nature has to be done in the cell itself. And there is hardly any privacy even in that process since the policemen will be watching you under the pretext that from behind the bars you will magically escape!” Even after he was moved to the Central Jail in Kannaur, the conditions did not improve: Here also life was unbearable, a cement floor where one has to lie down with mosquitoes making aerial attacks and bugs bleeding you from all sides. It was a terrible experience where privacy was absent, dignity did not exist and facilities for decent life were next to nothing. The 30-day stint in prison was enough to leave an indelible mark, and he would, in fact, draw a great deal from it, in the future. It could only have been this personal experience that led to the celebrated judgements in Charles Sobhraj and Sunil Batra, where he so delicately wove in the concepts of personal liberty and dignity for prisoners – a class of citizens who are rarely considered worthy of the most basic humanities. As Justice Chelameswar once said, “…He had seen the turmoil of life; that made him what he was”. To this day, he remains probably the only judge of the Supreme Court who was jailed by the Government of India, after Independence. In 1952, Krishna Iyer moved on to the next phase of public service – that of a legislator. He contested the 1952 Madras Assembly elections from Kuthuparamba. Madras Presidency, in 1952, comprised of constituencies which would later become part of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh (and Telangana), Kerala and Karnataka. He had been returned as an Independent candidate, but enjoyed support from the Communists and the Indian Union Muslim League. The 1952 Madras Assembly in itself saw some historic happenings. Communists alone had secured 63 constituencies, and with allies, could have easily robbed the Congress the chance of continuing in government. With senior leaders trounced, and with just 152 members in the 375-member Assembly, the Congress was nowhere near the half-way mark. It nevertheless formed a minority government under C. Rajagopalachari –aka– Rajaji, who had himself not been elected to the House, but had come in as a nominated member. On 30 June, 1952, the Leader of the House moved a motion of confidence in the Council of Ministers. After Rajaji’s statement in support of the motion, it was Krishna Iyer’s turn to speak for the opposition. The House listened with rapt attention. For a while, it seemed Madras would in fact see the first ever Communist government in India. That was not to happen. This was where the precedents for political horse trading were set. Rajaji proved his majority in the House with the direct support of 13 independent members and the “outside support” of 30 members from other parties. All this was, of course, long before the traditions of Aya Ram, Gaya Ram had been established, and the consequent Anti-Defection Law was enacted. Throughout the tenure of the 1952 Assembly, Krishna Iyer remained true to his calling. He frequently drew attention to the prevalent inequities in society, and when needed, fearlessly pointed out the government’s shortcomings. He also put to use his legal training, and often implored the government to act in furtherance of the Directive Principles of State Policy. During these years, he was recognised as a prominent legislator in the opposition and a committed social reformer. The State of Kerala, as we know it today came into existence in 1956. Krishna Iyer saw therein, a chance to represent his home in the Kerala Assembly. He contested from Tellicherry, once again, as an Independent, with support from allies. It was an epic event when EMS was elected leader, and formed the first Communist government of India. Even though Krishna Iyer was not a member of the Party, he was an obvious choice for ministership, especially in view of his yeoman service to the cause of the poor and the disadvantaged, which was largely aligned with the leftist agenda, and his performance in the Madras Assembly, where he fought battles alongside avowed Communists. Over the course of his ministership, Krishna Iyer juggled a very wide array of portfolios. Needless to say, he used the opportunity to the fullest, and set about bringing some of the most revolutionary changes. As a minister, he is credited with the revolutionary Kerala Land Reforms Act that ensured legal protection to the actual tiller of land. All land reforms legislation in other states, owe their inspiration to this law. The only flaw that unkind critics could point to was an exception made for trust properties, to which refuge some knowledgeable persons had resorted to ahead of the passing of the Act. Krishna Iyer must also be credited for the nation’s first master plan for water resources. Krishna Iyer turned out to be a great legislator and administrator. Even as a Minister, he did not forget his own first-hand experience with jail conditions and the inhuman treatment of prisoners, and began a lifetime passion for prison reform and the treatment of prisoners as human beings. Records reveal that Krishna Iyer often made it a point to attend to even the simplest of public grievances brought to his notice, personally, as far as possible. When EMS declared that “…it is not the job of the police to suppress the trade union, peasant and other mass activities of any mass organization, or a political struggle waged by any political party…”, Krishna Iyer stood by him in implementing the new police policy. Even as Law Minister, Krishna Iyer was committed to ensuring accountability of the judiciary. One of the ways he went about this was by proposing 10 extra days of sitting, to reduce arrears. The High Court, initially, rejected the proposal, refusing to “work like factory-men.” It was only when he moved a bill in the Assembly, to amend the Kerala High Court Act, and CJI Das communicated his displeasure to the Chief Justice of the High Court, that the High Court consented. Ahead of his time, Krishna Iyer fought for gender justice (repeal of the Travancore and Cochin Christian Succession Acts), introduced a dowry prohibition act which was far more effective than the Central legislation, and a debt redemption law to assist the poor and the indigent population of the state. It was perhaps this unfaltering pursuit of justice that seemingly numbed him to all notions of class, status and political affiliations, and enabled him to focus only on the injustices prevalent in society, and fuelled his crusade. Justice Krishna Iyer’s decision in Jolly George Verghese clearly establishes the fact that he had an immensely humanising outlook that only aimed to do complete justice, irrespective of social standing of a person. It also goes to establish his credentials as an innovative judge. The first EMS Ministry was dismissed in 1959. Krishna Iyer contested the 1960 elections, but was actually sent to the House by the Courts (having contested the original result of loss by a margin of just 7 votes). He joined the House as a member of the Opposition, where he relived the Madras Assembly days. He lost the 1965 elections. This allowed him to return to advocacy, and build up to what was coming next. In 1968, at age 52, when another CPI(M)-dominated government was in power, he was appointed a judge of the Kerala High Court. Justice Krishna Iyer was on the Bench of the High Court for 3 years, when, in September, 1971, thanks to his friendship with Mohan Kumaramangalam, he was called to Delhi for a short stint at the Gajendragadkar Law Commission. In 1973, it was time for him to move to the Supreme Court. This transition was not as smooth as it is now being made out to be. According to P. P. Rao, Chief Justice S. M. Sikri and a section of the Bombay Bar were against the move due to his political antecedents, including his Ministership in the Communist Government. Even Soli Sorabjee, former Attorney-General of India, confessed that he had been one of those who protested his appointment to the Apex Court, but after watching his performance on the Bench, he became his admirer. Even Gadbois notes that “his appointment was greeted by mainstream lawyers and many others with a chorus of boos, mainly because of his reputation as a leftist and because many believed that S. Mohan Kumaramangalam was his patron” (which was not a popular position to be in, on account of the recent supersession). What followed at the Supreme Court, led to the establishment of one of the brightest legacies which has not dulled a bit, even today. Justice Krishna Iyer was a self-confessed ‘judicial activist’, which, according to him, meant the ‘furtherance of . . . social causes’, ‘advancing the cause of the backward classes, and not just those identified as such by the government’. Krishna Iyer often twisted the law and Constitution in order to support and help the downtrodden. According to him, the Constitution contained an approved social and economic philosophy, but most judges, because of their class backgrounds, were unable to apply the philosophy faithfully. He said that the elite class backgrounds of many judges helped explain why so many of them decided cases in favour of landlords over tenants. In 1980, Justice Krishna Iyer said that the Supreme Court was mainly Brahmin and upper class (no Scheduled Caste judge had been appointed to the Court at that time). He concluded that judges’ backgrounds affect their decisions. Justice Krishna Iyer retired on November, 14, 1980, at the age of 65, and immediately headed to Kerala, without waiting for any plush assignment, as is the trend today. A gifted writer, he was a frequent contributor to newspapers and magazines across the country, and each article, unique and insightful in its own right. Some are of the opinion that retirement in fact freed him from the institutional shackles, which enabled him to write the most scathing opinions on a plethora of topics – judicial activism, misuse of the contempt power, nuclear energy policy, India’s Sri Lanka strategy, judicial accountability (and here), environmental management, abolition of capital punishment and many more. Years after retirement, he had transformed in to the nation’s conscience keeper, and was especially successful at calling out any and all questionable actions of the Supreme Court. One often wonders if the Supreme Court was robbed of his presence too early. Krishna Iyer lived by his convictions till his dying breath. One can only hope that the doctrine of Karuna, that Justice Krishna Iyer introduced in Sunil Batra, would again serve as the guiding philosophy today – when the most downtrodden masses are visibly, and indifferently, divorced from the benevolent spirit of the welfare state sought to be established by our founding fathers, through the Constitution. Maybe the need of the hour is, in fact, to have judges who have had personal experiences that aid the administration of justice a little less mechanically, and a little more organically.Views are personal only. Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more