Organisation December 26, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Imprisoned journalist awaits decision on his appeal BurundiAfrica to go further RSF_en Reporters Without Borders reiterates its support for imprisoned Burundian journalist Hassan Ruvakuki in the run-up to his appeal verdict, as did the head of French External Broadcasting, Marie-Christine Saragosse, during a visit to Burundi last week.A reporter for Radio France Internationale’s Swahili service and Bonesha FM, a local station, Ruvakuki has been detained for nearly 13 months. A court in the central city of Gitega is due to issue a decision on his appeal by 8 January. He was sentenced to life imprisonment last June on a charge of terrorism for contacting Burundian rebels. The hearings in his appeal were held in October and November. The defence has asked for his conviction to be overturned while prosecutors want the sentence upheld.“Burundi’s Hassan Ruvakuki is one of the 193 journalists who, according to the annual roundup our organization published last week, are currently imprisoned worldwide in connection with their work – a figure that has never been so high,” Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Christophe Deloire said.“The Ruvakuki case has dragged on for too long and has done the country’s image enough damage already. I am convinced that the Burundian justice system, through the head of the Gitega appeal court, will demonstrate its independence and its ability to issue a ruling in a free manner.“The defence clearly explained the specifics of journalist work. A reporter who interviews a rebel chief is not a rebel. Ruvakuki was just doing his job. Contrary to what has been alleged, he killed no one and was not an accomplice in any attack. We expect a favourable outcome to this long ordeal. We expect Ruvakuki to be freed in the next few days.”All the information about the Ruvakuki case .Learn more about media freedom in Burundi .Picture : Hassan Ruvakuki (RM) October 21, 2020 Find out more Burundian appeal court upholds prison sentences for four journalists Receive email alerts June 5, 2020 Find out more BurundiAfrica News The 2020 pandemic has challenged press freedom in Africa November 27, 2020 Find out more News Four Burundian journalists complete 12 months in arbitrary detention Reports News Help by sharing this information Follow the news on Burundi
Facebook Pinterest By admin – January 14, 2018 Twitter Odessa city council The debate on the Odessa City Council about a proposal to restructure the board turned to the city’s eastern sprawl, where the most recent oil boom brought a surge in population and a rush of new construction of buildings and homes.Council members Malcolm Hamilton and Filiberto Gonzales argued the eastward growth stiffs other Odessans when supported by business incentives and public infrastructure investments.And Councilwoman Barbara Graff said she would not approve public incentives for businesses moving in the part of Odessa across the Midland County line, because it “cheats” other taxing entities, like the school and hospital districts.But obscured in the debate were the reasons behind Odessa’s outward expansion: a reality decades in the making and driven by simple realities such as available land where people can build and existing infrastructure necessary to support a new home or a new business.Gonzales had argued, after incorrectly asserting that public coffers do not benefit from growth in the east, that: “We are not growing there because the citizens of Odessa voted on that. We are growing out there because of special interests, people that want it to grow in that area and sell their land.”Indeed, private developers generally expect to profit when they build a home. And a company builds a new restaurant or movie theater in places where they are deemed likely to succeed.But there’s more to it.East Odessa also had viable land, while property to the south and west carries constraints. That’s true too in north Odessa, which also saw a boom in new homes and businesses in recent years.“There’s a lot that’s being generated by the cinema out there, the restaurants out there,” Mayor David Turner said. “Is it perfect, no? But unfortunately we live in a city that is surrounded by ranches. Some of them want to sell, some don’t. And there’s an old oilfield.”In east Odessa, he added in a later interview: “That’s where the land was.”Developers building east faced fewer obstacles from oilfield infrastructure like pipelines than if they had built in other directions, said Drew Crutcher, a civil engineer and former economic development volunteer. Another one of the main driving factors of eastward development is access to sewer lines.“There are possibilities for infill development but when you are talking about large portions of the city, Odessa is growing to the east,” Crutcher said. “Midland is growing to the west. There are reasons for that. And it’s infrastructure that can be extended.”In south Odessa, in addition to the industrial areas that include petrochemical and power plants, outward growth is constrained by sewer lines.South of the city’s sewage treatment plant at 9600 South County Road 1325 (which is in Midland County), lines would have to flow uphill, meaning much greater cost.To the west of Odessa’s city limits, there’s another problem: unincorporated West Odessa. Annexing West Odessa would come with tremendous cost. Roads are often not up to city code. Key infrastructure such as sewage lines often do not exist. Development in many cases didn’t factor in drainage.And many West Odessans would likely oppose being annexed anyway, said District 4 Councilman Mike Gardner, who grew up there. They might not want to pay the greater taxes that come with living in the city or deal with city restrictions that could affect things like their pets or livestock.“So isn’t it logical that you would go to areas that developers want to build and people want to build up the community?” Gardner said.For years, that has also included Gardner’s district, such as the building boom in the 87th Street area. But development in north Odessa is also limited by an airport and an oilfield to the west.Odessa’s outward growth also stems from the work of city planners and a few ranching families in the 1950s on land stretching north of Yukon Road to the south below Interstate 20 and east into Midland County.The ranchers worked with city officials and oil interests to reserve spaces for current or future development in exchange for an agreement not to drill for oil and gas on the remaining land. The arrangement would allow land owners to finance their projects, able to assure lenders that production would not encroach.It made building homes and businesses easier.Some of the arguments against supporting east side development on Tuesday were based on incorrect or incomplete information. For example, the infrastructure costs of installing water and sewer lines that Gonzales and Hamilton railed against are chiefly paid for by developers, even though it’s true that the city does bear costs of maintaining roads and utility lines once they are built.Gonzales had pointed to the county line and said “anything and everything that we build here or that we give money to is not a benefit to Odessa. It’s not a return on investment.”At one point, District 2 Councilman Dewey Bryant reminded fellow council members of the Odessans who live there.“Are they not a part of this city?” asked Bryant, who represents them.But Hamilton had made the same argument, ignoring realities like sales taxes injected into city coffers to fund citywide projects, new jobs for Odessans and new homes for families that need them.He argued for a heavier hand in development by the city.“How about we spread out the development throughout all of Odessa so everyone can see some type of return on their investment?” Hamilton said.Today, the city is trying to channel development into its long blighted downtown. That strategy of enticing development costs millions: more than $30 million invested in the hotel and convention center project, plus millions more in building purchases and improvements, along with other dedicated resources. The city’s long-range plan calls for similar targeted redevelopment efforts in the future throughout Odessa.But the recent debate is poised to continue, with Gonzales saying he planned to keep bringing up the discussion at City Council meetings and the perceived influence of east Odessa forming a key part of the argument by a group opposing the plan to restructure the City Council.And more east Odessa development lies ahead. That includes the more than 850-acre Parks Bell Ranch development in the area north of Highway 191 and east of Faudree Road.Just before the debate on supporting east Odessa, the City Council approved a zoning request for part of the project on Tuesday, with Hamilton the lone dissenting vote.“Who are we to say where we grow the city at or we don’t grow the city at?” Gardner said. “A city that’s not growing is dying.” Pinterest WhatsApp WhatsApp Previous articleClark taking on Court at Law officeNext articleGUEST VIEW: Schumer is running on fumes admin Why Odessa grows east Facebook Twitter Local NewsGovernment
Music majors at Saint Mary’s learned about the path one Belle followed from the College to a community music school after obtaining her degree in music in a lecture Monday titled, “Life After a Music Degree: Community Music Schools.” Kellirae Boann, executive director of the Music Village in South Bend, said the Music Village offers a unique opportunity for music majors to participate in the South Bend community after graduation. Boann said her discernment path in the music industry included a 10-year run with local country rock band “Everyday People.” To improve her ability to make a living, she said went back to school, obtaining a degree at Indiana University-South Bend (IUSB). While taking classes at IUSB, she said she was invited to a presentation that discussed the Old Town School of Folk Music in Chicago. During this presentation, she said she realized she wanted to build something in the South Bend community modeled after this school. “I knew right away this was what I wanted to pursue after college,” she said. “Electricity was in the air during this presentation. I could feel through out my hair, it was crazy.” Boann said the Music Village began as a concept in October 2011, after surveys were sent out to the local community to see how many people would be interested in a teaching and performing institute. A 97 percent return rate among 300 people let Boann know this would work, she said. In 2012, a Board of Directors was established for the school, though Boann said it struggled with funding. “We started out with nothing, but we were undaunted and fearless,” Boann said. The Music Village opened in June 2012 with only 14 students, two instructors and one available guitar class. Although the length of the process required patience, Boann said they received funding. The school is now a non-profit organization registered with the State of Indiana, she said. “I did not have to perform in order to have a career in music,” Boann said. Currently, The Music Village is located at a central point in downtown South Bend, and offers classes in the genres of Ballroom, Latin, Spanish, Swing and International Folk and instruments such as banjo, piano, violin, vocal coaching, guitar and bass. “We are about making music. I was not afraid to take a chance, [and] a year into this, … things are happening. Most importantly, people have music in their lives,” Boann said. Contact Rachel Rahal at [email protected]
Advertisement Ozil’s future is under the microscope (Picture: Arsenal FC via Getty)‘If you think of the money it’s costing Arsenal… £18million-a-year, that the equivalent of the interest payments when they took out a loan on the Emirates Stadium.‘That’s how restrictive that has been. They need to cut their losses and pay him off.‘It sends a message to the group, creates a new culture, and allows them to move on, because at the moment it’s become unhealthy.‘Nobody will be happy with this, nobody wants to see the back of Ozil.More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing Arsenal‘We want him to play football, but right now the best option for everyone is for him to leave and go quietly.‘He can be fantastic somewhere else. He needs to look at himself right now and I don’t think he is.‘It’s that oxygen when you play, you can breathe when you play and he can’t breathe at the moment.‘Isn’t there enough money in the bank now? It’s a short career and he’ll look back thinking he was denied the opportunity to play, but he hasn’t played his part to change that.’Follow Metro Sport across our social channels, on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.For more stories like this, check our sport page. Advertisement ‘Go quietly’ – Martin Keown sends message to Mesut Ozil after Europa League snub Metro Sport ReporterFriday 9 Oct 2020 4:42 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link9.9kShares Keown thinks it’s time for Ozil to go (Picture: Getty)Martin Keown has told Mesut Ozil to ‘leave and go quietly’ after he was left out of Arsenal’s Europa League squad.The former Arsenal centre-half is convinced that Mikel Arteta doesn’t fancy Ozil because of his lack of work rate and doesn’t think he’s a good influence on younger players at the club. After Ozil was chopped from Arsenal’s 25-man Europa League squad, there is a sense that he will not play another game for the Gunners after seven years of service.And Keown believes the time has come for Arsenal to pay him off and for him to leave quietly so the two parties can move on.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENT‘One assumes that Arteta would’ve given him an opportunity and he’s not really happy with Ozil’s work ethic,’ Keown told TalkSport.‘He’s not someone the others can learn off. I actually think he’s got a good heart, because of what he does for charity, but when he questions giving up a percentage of his wage which affects everyone else, I don’t think it’s his place to do that. He needs to fall in line. View 5 comments
DNB acknowledged that interest cover could jeopardise indexation, as the hedge could reduce the potential for inflation compensation.It also conceded that, in an improving economy, an extensive hedge would decrease the chance of both rights cuts and indexation.This was also the case for the regulator’s stagflation scenario.DNB argued that, given the current low-interest environment, considerable interest risk remained, even if the economy weakened further. “As a consequence,” it said, “even a limited rate decrease could impact negatively on coverage ratio and may trigger the need for rights cuts.”The regulator went on to argue that the nFTK would have a “stabilising effect”, likely to reduce the need for addressing volatility in pension funds’ coverage through an interest hedge.“Moreover,” it added, “the nFTK has reduced the need to take tough measures, such as large rights discounts or premium increases, over the short term.”It said Dutch pension funds must seek a balance between their own recovery potential and the need to protect against downward risks.During this process, schemes must consider the available “steering” mechanisms, their own financial positions and the risk approach agreed between companies and their workers. A survey by the Dutch pensions regulator (DNB) to assess the impact of the new financial assessment framework (nFTK) has concluded that hedging interest risk is still a vital way for pension funds to meet their indexation targets. Analysis of several scenarios showed that extensive interest cover lessened the likelihood of schemes having to make unconditional rights cuts.“However, the potential for indexation could be increased by reducing the interest hedge,” DNB said, adding that the nFTK would enhance this effect.The regulator launched the survey after Parliament approved a motion tabled by Roos Vermeij, an MP for the labour party PvdA, who questioned whether interest hedges under the nFTK might cause problems for Dutch schemes in the event that interest rates increased together with inflation.
Published in the NZ Herald Nov 2011I won’t be wearing a white ribbon on November 25th. Don’t get me wrong – I would be the first in line to condemn violence against women, and the first to be held to account for my own actions and attitudes.But the well-intentioned White Ribbon Campaign, according to the website, is part of a “suite of family violence initiatives” overseen by the Families Commission including the It’s Not OK campaign, the Family Violence Clearinghouse, and the Family Violence Statistics report. And if we’re serious about reducing family violence, we need to open both eyes – and tell the truth.The official website says that “Violence is endemic within New Zealand. One in three women are victims of violence from a partner.” The first part is right – the second part misrepresents the facts.The claim is based on research which the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) has already ruled as being “exaggerated“ when it was used by the Women’s Refuge for their 2010 annual appeal television commercial.The research was shown to have major shortcomings in terms of sample selection. The ASA said “… it was concerned that a study restricted to women living in Waikato and Auckland was used as the basis for national statistics.” Similarly, it was concerned with the lifetime violence finding, which was based on any episode of violence during their past or present relationships becoming the ‘basis for fear’.Under the banner of ‘Intimate Partner Violence’, the definition of emotional violence includes: insulting or making them feel bad about themselves, belittling or humiliating them in front of other people, or scaring or intimidating them on purpose.But will the researchers ask men to what level they have been victims of ‘intimate partner violence’?How many men would say they too have been physically assaulted, or made to feel bad, humiliated in front of others, or intimidated by their partner? We may never know. Only women are victims of ‘intimate partner violence’ – apparently.And that’s where the White Ribbon Campaign gets it wrong – or perhaps, half right.The ‘It’s Not OK’ website also reinforces this gender perception. The faces of the campaign are Vic, George and Brian who tell how they became violence-free and Judy is a survivor of domestic violence.But if we’re really serious about reducing family violence, we need to talk about family violence. Please understand – I’m not in denial. When a man hits, he is likely to hit harder. And I have no problem with men being at the front of the line to own this issue.Prominent New Zealand researcher Professor David Fergusson says “the discovery of domestic violence in the context of the concerns of the Women’s movement has meant that domestic violence has been presented as a gender issue and used as an exemplar of patriarchy and male dominance over women.”He argues we need to broaden our perspective “away from the view that domestic violence is usually a gender issue involving male perpetrators and female victims and toward the view that domestic violence most commonly involves violent couples who engage in mutual acts of aggression.”His research, through the Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, found that men and women are equally to blame in dishing out domestic violence and both suffer similar degrees of mental harm.And that’s backed up by government statistics. Ministry of Justice statistics from 2007 show that the prevalence rate for confrontational offences by a partner in 2005 was virtually the same for men and women.Their 2003 report said there was “little difference between women and men in the proportion saying they had experienced violence at the hands of their current partners in 2000”.And this isn’t just a kiwi trend.In the UK, data from the Home Office statistical bulletins show that men made up about 40% of domestic violence victims each year between 2005 and 2009.In Australia, a University of Queensland study of newly-wed couples showed that female violence is at least as common as male violence, with the most usual patterns being female-only violence, followed by both partners being violent.In the USA, a 2010 report from California State University examined 275 scholarly investigations, 214 empirical studies and 61 reviews and/or analyses with an aggregate sample size exceeding 365,000. It demonstrated that women are as physically aggressive, or more aggressive, than men.The Family Violence Research Program at the University of New Hampshire found that the overall rates of violence for cohabiting couples was twice as high and the overall rate for “severe” violence was nearly five times as high for cohabiting couples when compared with married couples.Perhaps family structure should be the focus rather than gender.But it’s not just adult-on-adult violence. The White Ribbon Campaign, along with other campaigns, rightly expand the message to stopping violence against women and children. It’s an important message. Once again, I subscribe to it completely.But, are only men a danger to children?The research shows that women are just as likely to abuse children as men. The Families Commission’s 2009 Family Violence Statistics Report revealed that 48% of child abuse – including emotional, physical, neglect, sexual and multiple abuse – was committed by… women. Yet the Families Commission also perpetuates the perception that it’s only men.In fact, there is an increasing concern that teenagers are becoming more and more violent towards their parents, their teachers, and their peers. And the greatest concern is about the rising levels of violence being exhibited by… girls!Where does all this leave us?If we want to tackle family violence, we all – men, women and children – need to pledge to stop violence towards men, women and children. This is a family violence issue – not a gender issue.We’ll then be telling the full story, And I’ll be first in line to wear the appropriate ribbon.ENDShttp://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10767957RESPONSES FROM READERSCarl Davidson: Come on Bob, be a man and wear the White RibbonNZ Herald Nov 24, 2011 Bob McCoskrie is likely to be a lone voice with his decision to not wear a ribbon on White Ribbon Day, the United Nations-sanctioned campaign when men speak out against men’s violence towards women. White Ribbon Day is one of the most extensive and widely supported campaigns in this country’s community action calendar. More than 500,000 individuals throughout New Zealand will wear a ribbon, hundreds of communities will host White Ribbon events, and dozens of organisations will be lending the efforts of their staff and volunteers to push the day’s anti-violence messages.http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10768233Leaders slam Family First over white ribbonNZ Herald 25 Nov 2011Women’s groups and political leaders have rounded on Family First director Bob McCoskrie for refusing to wear a white ribbon today to oppose violence against women. Auckland Women’s Centre manager Leonie Morris said Family First should change its name to “Women’s Safety Last” after Mr McCoskrie declared in the Herald this week that he would not wear a ribbon on White Ribbon Day because most domestic violence involved “violent couples who engage in mutual acts of aggression”. “This is a family violence issue, not a gender issue,” he wrote.http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10768544Janet Fanslow: Facts on violence against womenNZ Herald 25 Nov 2011I write to correct some of the misrepresentations of fact in Bob McCoskrie’s opinion piece that appeared in the Herald this week….So what do we pledge, with or without a white ribbon? We endorse Mr McCoskrie’s call for a pledge to stop violence towards men, women and children. We would also support a call for a nation-wide discussion about what sort of relationships we want people to have (healthy? Respectful? Challenging? Fun? Nurturing? Ones that foster personal growth?), and what we as a society are willing to do to support people to achieve these goals. Along the way, we might also make a commitment to reporting data accurately, and not being afraid to address the hard issues, like gender, that are staring us in the face. Because while gender-based violence is not good for women, it is also not good for men. We need them to be standing emotionally and physically strong beside us, as partners in all senses of the word.* Dr Janet Fanslow is a senior lecturer in Social and Community Health at The University of Auckland and is co-director of the New Zealand Family Violence Clearinghouse.http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10768438
The McClimon Soccer Complex has been unkind to the Wisconsin men’s soccer team so far this year. In three games, the Badgers have scored only two goals and have yet to win a game. They will get another chance to turn their home fortune around Saturday when they host the Cleveland State Vikings.Wisconsin will welcome CSU to Madison, fresh off the heels of a debilitating overtime loss to undefeated rival and 10th-ranked Marquette Wednesday night. The Badgers battled the game into overtime when Nick Janus scored the equalizer in the 78th minute.The first overtime lacked a goal, and Marquette quickly won after just three minutes of the second frame. The focus now turns to the Vikings (4-4-1) and setting the right foot forward at McClimon.Wisconsin failed to impress in its home opener but have made improvements ever since. Wisconsin tied then-No. 13 Georgetown and was nipped by Penn State in the final minutes. Sophomore defender David Caban attributed the Badgers’ improvement throughout the year to a change in strategy.“The defensive change has allowed me to solidify my role in the back, and everyone else as a team solidifying their areas,” Caban said, noting the Badgers have switched to a 4-2-3-1 alignment, the same they used last season.Wisconsin made the most of that positioning last season with strong defensive efforts. The team entered the Georgetown game having surrendered 10 goals in just four games. In the five games since, the Badgers have conceded just four scores.Wisconsin’s success has likely come from the Badgers’ familiarity with the defensive-minded scheme. It led them to six one-goal victories in 2011, and they hope it can continue to do so.“When we switched back to that set [against Georgetown] you could tell we felt a lot more comfortable playing that formation,” Caban said. “It is easier to play as a team. We have a lot more guys around the ball.”That group of guys has become increasingly consistent, too. At the start of the season, the Badgers used an attack of 15 or 16 players each getting plenty of minutes. Now, they use about 13 or 14 in their strategy, a move that has looked forced.“We don’t have that luxury at this point,” head coach John Trask said of getting more players in the game. “We have to go with our best players, and I think most college teams do. If we were sitting better, maybe we could look at someone else.”In that core group, a few freshmen have played important roles for the Badgers this season. While much has been made of freshman Chase Rau starting in goal for the Badgers, another freshman, midfielder Drew Conner, has quietly had just as great an impact.Conner is the only freshman to start all nine games for Wisconsin (2-4-3) and has logged an impressive 870 minutes, third-best on the team. Having been subbed out of just one game, he remains only 18 minutes short of the season-maximum pace set by defenders A.J. Cochran and Paul Yonga.While the amount of playing time the midfielder has been given is impressive, his expectation coming to Madison was to start all along.“Coming in, I wanted to start and play a big impact,” Conner said. “That was my plan – to come in and make this team better.”As one of the youngest players on the team, Conner has looked to his coaches in helping him get acquainted with the Wisconsin soccer squad.“We put a lot of trust in these coaches and we have a lot of respect for them,” Conner said. “We know if we do what they want, we will usually be successful.”That success can come as early as Saturday night against Cleveland State. With the UW football team out of town, the soccer team will be ready to host a large crowd and earn its first home victory of the season.With the Badgers already behind in the Big Ten title race, they will need every victory they can get in hopes of bolstering their NCAA tournament r?sum?. Nonconference games like the one this weekend are a great start.“If we can do well and get on to the positive ledge, I think people might be surprised when the initial RPI rankings come out,” Trask said. “We’ve played a lot of very difficult games; we’ve tested our guys. We just have to start picking up some wins.”
Missing MendyLeft-back has also been a problem position, even as City enjoyed great success last season, due to Benjamin Mendy’s knee troubles.The Frenchman’s return to fitness and form in the early weeks of the season promised to give City an extra dimension to their attacking play, but he has been sidelined again since early November.Fabian Delph, a central midfielder by trade, has filled in at left-back, but is now facing a three-match ban, including the Liverpool game, after being sent off late on at Leicester.Defending the Premier League difficultGuardiola won three consecutive league titles at both Barcelona and Bayern Munich, but retaining the title in England has proved impossible for any team in the past decade.A Manchester United side containing Cristiano Ronaldo and Wayne Rooney were the last to do it in 2008/09.City’s record haul of 100 points last season led many to believe they would buck that trend, but it is proving tougher than expected.“Last season, everyone said it was so easy, but I know how difficult it was,” insisted Guardiola.“Last season we were so consistent and made a lot of points. They (Liverpool and Spurs) are both so consistent.”Can City chase?The question remains whether a Guardiola side is capable of chasing down a title rival to win the league in the manner Alex Ferguson’s Manchester United made routine in the 1990s.In most of Guardiola’s seven title triumphs, his Barca, Bayern and City sides have been well in front by this stage of the season.Now they have to play catch-up and their lack of reaction to going behind to Chelsea, Palace and Leicester leaves City’s mentality open to question.“We have to find an explanation,” said Bernardo Silva. “It’s mathematically possible, but we have to be almost perfect from now.”Share on: WhatsApp London, United Kingdom | AFP | English champions Manchester City slumped to a third shock defeat in four Premier League games at Leicester on Boxing Day to slip to third in the table and seven points adrift of unbeaten leaders Liverpool.Just a few weeks ago City seemed unstoppable as they started their title defence with a 15-game unbeaten run.However, a 2-0 reverse at Chelsea has sparked a run of three defeats in 18 days as Crystal Palace and Leicester both came from behind to hand Liverpool a huge advantage in the title race ahead of their trip to face City on January 3.Here, AFP Sports looks at what has caused City’s sudden collapse:Fernandinho irreplaceableCity coped admirably in Kevin De Bruyne’s absence for most of the campaign through injury thanks to an array of creative midfielders, but have badly missed Fernandinho’s ability to play the more destructive role in midfield in the last two games.The 33-year-old Brazilian had started every league game until Palace’s visit on Saturday and is the one player in City’s squad without a natural replacement.Centre-back John Stones deputised at the weekend, while the more attack-minded Ilkay Gundogan was deployed at the base of the midfield in Leicester.“We have to try and find solutions. Ferna was not able to play because he’s injured. We have to overcome this problem,” said coach Pep Guardiola, who tried to sign Chelsea midfielder Jorginho from Napoli in the summer as cover for Fernandinho.“You have to think about how to solve it when you don’t have players in a position.”Four competitions take their tollEven for a squad as deep as City’s, English football’s unique combination of a packed festive period and an extra cup competition can stretch resources.Just eight days ago a strong City side beat a much-changed Leicester to reach the League Cup semi-finals and stay alive in four competitions.Leicester boss Claude Puel claimed victory on Wednesday was vindication for his criticised team selection in the cup tie with the Foxes fresh to spring surprises over both Chelsea and City in the past five days.As well as De Bruyne, Sergio Aguero didn’t start against Chelsea or Palace due to injury, while David Silva has also been sidelined by injury in recent weeks.