The world is changing, says Harvard Professor Fernando Reimers, and schools everywhere must change with it. Preparing students to become global citizens should be a priority for all educators, but how exactly should these lessons be approached?“If we are serious about preparing students to understand globalization, we should treat this the way we treat any other subject about which we are serious,” says Reimers, director of Harvard Graduate School of Education’s (HGSE) International Education Policy Program. “We should have high-quality curriculum. It should be rigorous curriculum and it should provide extended opportunities for students to engage with the subject.”With a group of HGSE doctoral students, Reimers began to consider what it would take to create such a curriculum, starting by identifying the competencies high school students should have in order to understand and, ultimately, better the world. The result is “Empowering Global Citizens: A World Course,” a book designed not only to support the educators who are already teaching with globalization in mind, but also to challenge those who are not.In this edition of the Harvard EdCast, Reimers speaks about the book and gives insight into a curriculum designed to empower all citizens of the world.The Global Classroom | Harvard Graduate School of EducationFernando Reimers, professor at HGSE, reflects on the increasingly important role global education plays in schools around the world.
When a student approached Notre Dame psychology professor Alexandra Corning several years ago about writing a senior thesis on eating disorders, Corning said she knew very little about the topic. Now, she conducts research about eating disorders and teaches an undergraduate course titled “Understanding Eating Disorders.” While diagnosable eating disorders are a major concern, Corning said she focuses on the large number of people who struggle with symptoms, but do not have a diagnosable disorder. Statistics, however, are not always accurate because eating disorders and related symptoms are often underreported, according to Valerie Staples, staff clinician and coordinator of eating disorder services at the University Counseling Center. Students wanting to help a friend, Staples said, must address specific concerns about behaviors in a compassionate, nonjudgmental manner. “It’s not about finding the perfect words,” she said. “I don’t have tips on how to make this an easy conversation, but I think there really isn’t a wrong way to tell someone you’re worried about them.” There are three types of eating disorders, Corning said. They fall under the categories of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and not otherwise specified. Not all symptoms fit under these categories, and some fit under all of them. For example, Corning said over-exercising can be a symptom of anorexia, but also a form of purging after binge eating associated with bulimia. “I think that there’s, for some, a misconception that people can’t get better,” she said. “And if I didn’t see people get better, I don’t think I could keep doing this [job.] … It’s a long process of change, but people can overcome an eating disorder and live very long, full lives without this consuming them.” “Even when you’re struggling sub-clinically, you’re struggling,” Corning said. “Our campus, even if you looked around and discovered, yes, full-blown, diagnosable cases are rare … there’s lots of people who are struggling at a sub-clinical level.” While she said the study did not set out to find statistics in that area and was not an entirely random sample, the findings did show that eating disorder symptoms are frequent on campus. While realizing the prevalence of disordered eating and the difficultly of confronting these issues can be discouraging, Staples said she finds hope in stories of recovery. One in three college-aged women has disordered eating habits, although only nearly 10 percent have a full-fledged eating disorder, according the University Counseling Center and resources distributed on Notre Dame’s campus this week as part of Body Image and Eating Disorder Awareness Week, sponsored by the Gender Relations Center. Eating disorders and body image issues are prevalent for the college-aged population due to competition and comparison among students, Staples said. “And [college students today] have grown up in a culture where there’s more bombardment of these images,” she said. Of all the students who came to the University Counseling Center last year, Staples said the Center’s annual report indicates that 10.3 percent reported eating concerns. Yet in addition to working with students who have eating disorders, Staples also meets with concerned friends. “Every year, every semester, I have people calling me or coming in in groups to consult about a friend who they’re worried about,” Staples said. “When I’m consulting with them about how to help a friend, we spend a lot of time talking about not only what they can say to their friend, but also about what to expect.” “Of the people who signed up for our study and were in it … 56.2 percent either had a diagnosable eating disorder or showed symptoms,” Corning said. “It means that if you think no one else is struggling, you’re wrong.” Corning said it is important for students to understand that they are not alone in facing symptoms of eating disorders. A study she did in 2006 found that a great number of female undergraduates at Notre Dame displayed these symptoms. Staples said she finds the amount of student energy and participation in the event this week to be extremely encouraging. One of the most important aspects of Body Image and Eating Disorder Awareness Week is based on educating students about how they might help a friend with an eating disorder, she said. “Even if students on campus think that they don’t know somebody with an eating disorder, it’s very likely they do,” she said. “We have a lot of members of our community who are really struggling and who are in a lot of physical and emotional pain.” Eating disorder symptoms are prevalent in both men and women in part because popular culture provides constant reminders of a thin ideal for women and a muscular ideal for men, Corning said.
Written By WATCH US LIVE 9 months ago WWE Survivor Series: Match card, live streaming details and all you need to know 9 months ago Survivor Series 2019: Randy Orton stuns fans with multiple RKOs in Elimination match First Published: 2nd December, 2019 20:00 IST Last Updated: 2nd December, 2019 20:00 IST Throwback: The Boogeyman Makes His In-ring Debut On This Day In 2005 Against Simon Dean The Boogeyman had made his in-ring debut on the December 2, 2005, episode of Smackdown against Simon Dean which he went on to win without breaking a sweat SUBSCRIBE TO US 9 months ago Throwback: Kane renewed his rivalry against the Undertaker at Survivor Series 2003 Karthik Nair 9 months ago WWE Survivor Series 2019: Schedule & more about the PPV event FOLLOW US LIVE TV 9 months ago WWE Survivor Series 2019: Brock Lesnar beats Rey Mysterio to remain WWE Champion COMMENT ‘The Boogeyman’ was one of the scariest characters during the ‘Ruthless Aggression’ era. He is also in the list of the most fear-striking superstars in WWE history. The nightmarish face-paint, eating worms and banging the clock on his head were some of the Boogeyman’s scary acts. He terrorizes his opponents by reciting nursery rhymes and then with his famous catchphrase ”I’m the Boogeyman and I’m coming to get you.” Coincidentally, it was on this very day that the Boogeyman had made his in-ring debut.READ: Throwback: When the World Heavyweight Championship could not be decided on RAWThe Boogeyman makes his in-ring debutThe Boogeyman wrestled for the very first time on the December 2, 2005 edition of Smackdown which was held at Cincinnati, Ohio against Simon Dean. Martin Wright (Boogeyman) had earlier made a couple of appearances on Raw where he tried to scare the then WWE Champion John Cena and former General Manager Eric Bischoff. Simon Dean who was being interviewed backstage claimed that he is not afraid of the Boogeyman but was left petrified when he showed up out of nowhere. Dean was dragged to the ring by the security after he had refused to compete. Nonetheless, when the bell rang, the Boogeyman made quick work out of him reverse front powerslam to end the contest in under two minutes. READ: Throwback: John Cena debuts his submission maneuver to retain the WWE ChampionshipWhat happened thereafter?The Boogeyman went on to establish himself as one of the biggest fear-strikers on the Smackdown brand. He would then challenge John Bradshaw Layfield (JBL) and Booker T at the 2006 Royal Rumble and Wrestlemania 22 respectively which he went on to win. However, post his Wrestlemania win, he would be out of action for months due to an injury. The Boogeyman had torn his biceps at a house show prior to the WWE’s showpiece event.Martin Wright, who portrays the character of the Boogeyman has not held any title in the WWE. In fact, he only used to feature in squash matches that used to last for less than five minutes. This might be probably taking his age factor into consideration. When Wright had entered the company’s reality television competition ‘Tough Enough’ in 2004, he was already 40 and had made his in-ring debut at 41. He is now a semi-retired wrestler and as per reports, he has signed a legends contract with the WWE which allows him to make infrequent and non-wrestling appearances.READ: The Undertaker reveals the risk that he took in order to survive in the Attitude EraREAD: The Undertaker reveals whose advice he had sought during the early days of his career WE RECOMMEND