Home Indiana Agriculture News Skepticism Abound as EPA Works to Complete E15 Rule by June 1 SHARE By Eric Pfeiffer – Mar 14, 2019 SHARE Skepticism Abound as EPA Works to Complete E15 Rule by June 1“I’m looking forward to putting E15 in my car when we’re rolling in the summer months again.”That’s NCGA first vice president of the Corn Board Kevin Ross talking about the proposed rule by the EPA to allow for year-round sales of E15. The administration released the proposal on Tuesday that would remove the Reid Vapor Pressure barrier.American Coalition for Ethanol CEO Brian Jennings says this rule though does much more than just allow E15 year-round, and that might pose a problem in getting it completed by June 1, the beginning of the summer driving season when E15 is currently restricted.“It contemplates several potential changes to how RINs are handled. That’s going to create a firestorm within the refining community.”Jennings is skeptical that the rule gets completed by June 1 because even those in the ethanol industry may question those RIN reforms should they negatively impact retailers, marketers, and suppliers that are selling higher ethanol blends.“I’ll be the first one to happily eat crow, however, on June 1 if they get this done, and say that I was wrong, and sing the praises of the administration.”Before finalizing the rule, EPA will now accept comments from biofuel producers, farmers, and other stakeholders. Jennings is confident that it will eventually get done.“Our conversations with the agency make us confident that they do have a variety of very legally sound ways they can get this done and we’ll just be working hard with them. Especially getting retailers to comment during this public period now to make it clear to EPA that the retail community has been on the sidelines in some parts because this rule has not been addressed.”And Ross believes those retailers are the key piece.“Flat out, it’s great to see it move forward, but to really make the impact to the market in the future we’re going to need more stations.” Facebook Twitter Skepticism Abound as EPA Works to Complete E15 Rule by June 1 Facebook Twitter Previous articleCrop Insurance Deadline Arrives Amid Widespread ConfusionNext articleRyan Martin’s Indiana Ag Forecast for March 15, 2019 Eric Pfeiffer
GOT AN ENVIRONMENTAL QUESTION? Send it to: EarthTalk, c/o E/The Environmental Magazine, P.O. Box 5098, Westport, CT 06881; submit it at: www.emagazine.com/earthtalk/thisweek/, or e-mail: [email protected] Read past columns at: www.emagazine.com/earthtalk/archives.php From the Editors of E/The Environmental Magazine Dear EarthTalk: I came home today to yet another set of phonebooks at my front door. I feel they are a great waste of paper, especially in this electronic age. How can I stop getting these books? Better yet: How can we get the phone companies to stop making them? — Bill Jones, via e-mail Many of us have little or no use for phonebooks anymore. While such directories are helpful for that occasional look-up of a service provider or pizza place, consumers and businesses increasingly rely on the Internet to find goods and services. Directory publishers usually do make their listings available online nowadays, too, but the books are still money-makers for them as prints ads fetch top dollar even though their effectiveness is waning and much harder to track. According to the nonprofit YellowPagesGoesGreen.org, more than 500 million phone directories—nearly two books for every American—are printed and distributed every year in the U.S., taking with them some 19 million trees. Upwards of 1.6 billion pounds of paper are generated to produce the books from these felled trees, while 7.2 million barrels of oil are churned through in creating them (not including the gasoline used for local deliveries). Producing the directories also uses up 3.2 billion kilowatt hours of electricity and generates 268,000 cubic yards of solid waste that ends up in landfills (not including the books themselves, many of which eventually end up in landfills in areas where recycling is not available or convenient). Unfortunately, there is no centralized way for consumers to opt-out of receiving the big books like the National Do Not Call Registry for telemarketing. Most individual yellow and white page publishers have “no deliver” lists they can add you to, but they will not be held accountable if the books show up anyway. The YellowPagesGoesGreen.org website will find your local/regional directory pages publishers and ask them not to deliver on your behalf. The site warns, though, that there are no guarantees with this either. For their part, directory publishers insist they have made great strides in recent years to operate in an environmentally responsible manner. The Yellow Pages Association (YPA) and the Association of Directory Publishers (ADP) have collaborated on formal guidelines calling for source reduction in the production of directories, environmentally sensitive manufacturing practices and enhanced recycling programs. About 90 percent of industry members have adopted the guidelines so far. Examples in practice include the use of water soluble inks and recycling-friendly glues, not to mention forsaking the use of virgin trees in their books (many books are made from recycled old phonebooks, mixed with scrap wood; see a previous column that discussed this: www.emagazine.com/view/?3651). Because of widespread and increasing use of the Internet, many sources of information—from newspapers and magazines to newsletters and, yes, directories—are forsaking print for online placement. So it is really just a matter of time before phone directories follow that lead. In the meantime, asking to be removed from the delivery list of your local directory publisher can only help to hasten that inevitability. CONTACTS: YellowPagesGoesGreen.org, www.yellowpagesgoesgreen.org; Yellow Pages Association (YPA), www.ypassociation.org; Association of Directory Publishers (ADP), www.adp.org.
By Marcos Ommati/Diálogo May 16, 2019 The Joint Combined Exchange Training, or JCET, consists of exercises designed to provide training opportunities to special operators from the United States and partner nations. JCETs are always held in countries with which the U.S. Special Forces may have to operate, and expand the range of training of the host nations’ armed forces. Each JCET program typically includes 10 to 40 members of the U.S. Special Forces. The number may eventually go up to 100. From April 16 to May 16, the Brazilian Navy (MB, in Portuguese) hosted the JCET in their Rio de Janeiro facilities, which presented an unusual characteristic for this exercise: It gathered members of the Brazilian Navy Combat Divers’ Group (GRUMEC, in Portuguese), the Brazilian Marine Corps Special Operations Battalion (Tonelero Battalion), and the United States Navy Sea, Air, and Land Teams, commonly known as Navy SEALs. The Special Warfare Combatant-craft Crewmen (SWCC) also participated in the exercise. SWCC operates and maintains a small vessel inventory used in special operations missions, especially those of the Navy SEALs. “This may be the first time this training combines the personnel from these four special units. In previous editions of this exchange, the SEAL teams conducted isolated trainings with GRUMEC and the Tonelero Battalion,” Brazilian Marine Corps First Lieutenant Armindo Melo Peixoto, a member of the Tonelero Battalion, who attended this year’s JCET, told Diálogo. Opportunity to interact and learn “These trainings are an excellent opportunity for our navies to strengthen their long-lasting ties of friendship and cooperation. The interaction, knowledge and experience exchanges allow for improvement of our operators’ capabilities. We expand interoperability and increase the chances of success in future operations and exercises in which Brazil and the U.S. come to join forces in pursuit of common goals,” said Brazilian Marine Corps Colonel Stewart da Paixão Gomes, commander of the Tonelero Battalion, where a large part of the 2019 JCET was completed. Specialized training The training allows participating units to improve their skills in areas such as short and medium range rifle shooting, and includes instruction and training on medium and long-distance sniper techniques, to guarantee maximum security and minimum risk. The JCET also includes training on static and dynamic short-distance shooting techniques with pistol and rifle, combat boat operations techniques (Hurricane model), Over the Beach (OTB) capabilities, Close Quarter Combat (CQC) techniques, Immediate Action Directive (IAD), aerial platform shooting, and freefall jumping operations. Special operators conduct target shooting training during the day and at night, with nearly zero visibility, in complex simulations of potential real-life operations, to increase decision-making, and strengthen the service members’ confidence when facing highly stressful situations. “The training includes integrating best practices and training, and advising on tactical and operational level planning, exchange of tactics, techniques and procedures to include lessons learned,” said a Navy SEALs special operator sergeant who participated in the Brazil JCET, and chose to remain anonymous, for safety reasons. Strengthening existing relationships “Exchanges such as this JCET are always very well received by the Brazilian Navy. From the first contacts established between SOCSOUTH representatives, ourselves [Tonelero Battalion], and GRUMEC, the Naval Operations Command used resources from the Navy and Fleet Marine Squad to support the training. The plan consisted of five weeks of uninterrupted and intense work — days, nights, weekends, and holidays. All parties were completely committed and all training goals were met,” Col. Stewart said. This training is part of a series of engagements scheduled in 2018, creating opportunities for elite units of the U.S. and Brazil to work together, to learn from one another, and to strengthen existing relationships. “The JCET demonstrates the strong partnership between the U.S. and Brazil based on mutual respect and shared interests in the region. The training exchange carried out by U.S. and Brazilian units gives participants an opportunity to build strong and enduring partnerships,” said U.S. Army Major Cesar Santiago, who traveled to Brazil representing Special Operations Command South (SOCSOUTH) as head of Public Affairs. The Brazilian Marine Corps maintains an intense exchange program with the U.S. Marine Corps, conducting periodic bilateral meetings to align objectives and to plan programs to achieve common goals. “In the future, I hope that Brazilian Navy Special Operations have more interaction with the United States Special Operations Command units to establish mid and long-term projects to promote the mutual improvement of our personnel. I believe this will expand integration of our Armed Forces and increase response capability against regional threats, guaranteeing the security of our nations,” Col Stewart said.