Permafrost and methane hydrates are large, climate-sensitive old carbon reservoirs that have the potential to emit large quantities of methane, a potent greenhouse gas, as the Earth continues to warm. We present ice core isotopic measurements of methane (Δ14C, δ13C, and δD) from the last deglaciation, which is a partial analog for modern warming. Our results show that methane emissions from old carbon reservoirs in response to deglacial warming were small (<19 teragrams of methane per year, 95% confidence interval) and argue against similar methane emissions in response to future warming. Our results also indicate that methane emissions from biomass burning in the pre-Industrial Holocene were 22 to 56 teragrams of methane per year (95% confidence interval), which is comparable to today.
RAFAELA Silva’s gold medal has seemingly caught the interest of the Brazilian public with Rio 2016 ticket sales on the rise.Ticket sales for the Rio Olympics have been boosted by Rafaela Silva winning Brazil’s first gold medal on Monday and organisers are hopeful that more will be snapped up as the Games progress.Concerns have been raised in the opening week of the Games over swathes of empty seats at Olympic venues.Mario Andrada, executive communications director for Rio 2016, says around 10 000 tickets per day were being sold two weeks before the Games, but that 100 000 were sold on Monday – the same day Silva earned Brazil’s first gold by beating Sumiya Dorjsuren of Mongolia in the final of the women’s judo Under-57kg category.Following her win, Silva burst into tears in front of a raucous home crowd and her achievement has seemingly caught the interest of the wider public.“We sold 100 000 new tickets yesterday (Monday). We had 298 629 in all the Olympic arenas yesterday. We sold 82 per cent of the tickets available for yesterday,” Andrada told reporters.“We expect 344 000 people in all the Olympic venues today (Tuesday).“Two weeks before the Games, we were selling in an area of 10 000 tickets a day. We’re now selling more than 100 000 tickets every single day.“There is nothing better for ticket sales than when the country wins its first gold.“Brazilians, as have been widely said, are late buyers, but it’s impossible to resist when you have the Games at home.”
The pilot at the controls of Asiana Flight 214 says he was “very concerned” about landing a Boeing 777 visually at San Francisco International Airport, without the aid of a glide-slope indicator (ILS). The ILS helps pilots monitor descent to the runway. The revelation comes in a 139-page Operations Group Factual Report released by the U.S. National Transportation Safety Board in conjunction with a hearing in Washington, DC. While the ILS was not operative guide lights called PAPIs (precision approach path indicators ) were working. These give a visual que with four reds too low and four whites too high.Thirty five of Trainee Captain Lee Kang Kuk’s 9,700 flight hours had been spent flying the 777. The aircraft he was piloting late morning July 6, 2013 struck a seawall just short of Runway 28L at San Francisco International Airport. Three of the 291 passengers died, while 199 were taken to hospital. All told 11 crewmembers were hurt.While the official cause of the accident won’t be known until NTSB publishes its report, investigators are honing in on human factors. overreliance on technology, culture and communication as pivotal in this accident.So might be the operation, and crew understanding of, the 777’s auto-throttle feature.Incredibly; – Lee knew the glide-slope indicator was inoperative. But because other pilots were doing visual approaches, the report says “he could not say he could not do” one.– Lee told investigators he was blinded for a brief moment while on approach. Why no sunglasses? It would have been impolite to don them when flying with his PM, the pilot monitoring his actions.– Lee didn’t break off the approach and initiate a “go-around” maneuver on his own because “normally only in our Korean culture the one step higher level the final decision people he did he decide the going around thing. It’s very important thing. As a first officer (co-pilot) or the low level people they dare to think about the going around thing. It’s very hard…The instructor pilot got the authority. Even [if] I am [in] the left [command] seat, this is very hard to explain, that is our culture.”Information from Flight 214’s cockpit voice recorder shows that 16.7 second before the 777’s tail slams into the tarmac an unidentified voice in the cockpit says, “It’s [the aircraft] low.” Only 3.9 seconds before impact the cockpit is filled with the rattling sound of a “stick-shaker,” signaling the onset of an aerodynamic stall.Precisely 2.5 seconds before ground and aircraft meet Captain Lee Jungmin, the man monitoring Captain Lee Kang Kuk airmanship, says, “Oh # go around.” It is too late.Life-saving CRM, or Cockpit Resource Management training, stresses communication, collaboration and individual initiative. Captain Lee Kang Kuk told investigators he had taken CRM training “frequently.” In a post-crash interview, they asked Captain Lee Kang Kuk if his airline encouraged junior pilots to “speak up if they felt uncomfortable about something.” He responded “yes.”The statements made by the pilots demolish the widely held belief that cockpit cultural problems and the loss of face that plagued many Asian based airlines in the 1980s and 1990s had been swept aside.The investigation is continuing. In response to the revalations AirlineRatings has removed its safety rating of Asiana pending a more detailed investigation of the airline’s procedures.The NTSB has released the video below of the crash.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest One of the requirements for the registration of XtendiMAx, Engenia, and FeXapan is the investigation of any non-performance (ineffective control) by the respective companies, which then has to be reported to the U.S. EPA. The goal of this reporting is apparently to try to track the development of resistance as soon as it occurs in a few fields, which would then allow time to modify practices so that the rate of resistance in other fields is slowed. We encourage growers and consultants to take the time to scout for non-performance, within 14 days after application according to information from labels. Problems with control can be reported to the three companies via online sites or toll-free numbers as follows, or directly to company representatives.Monsanto (XtendiMax) – 1-844-RRXTENDBASF (Engenia) – www.Non-Performance.BASF.USDuPont (FeXapan) – 1-888-6-DUPONTProblems with off-target movement from spray particle drift or vapor drift (volatility) can be reported to the three companies the same way. We would encourage growers experiencing these problems to contact the companies or their representatives, but unlike non-performance, they are not required to investigate and report these to the USEPA. Given that these problems are usually the result of not following label guidelines or appropriate application practices, the primary contact would be the Ohio Department of Agriculture. Contact the ODA Pesticide and Fertilizer Regulation Section at 614-728-6987.
AFP official booed out of forum Team Philippines has so far gone undefeated in its first two games in the first window of the grueling series, notching wins against the Japanese away from home and then clipping Chinese-Taipei at the Big Dome last November.Gilas is holding Monday-only practices for the past month and will kick up its preparations leading to the matches.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutBlatche had been notorious for coming in late in preparing for tournaments with Gilas. But not this time as the Filipinos would have to be perfect if they are to stand a chance against the talented charges from Down Under. Read Next MOST READ John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Blue Eaglets seal 14-game sweep, enter UAAP Finals 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netAndray Blatche flew into the country sans fanfare on Friday and will be having enough time to train with Gilas Pilipinas as it readies for clashes against Australia and Japan in the Fiba World Cup Asian Qualifying series in less than two weeks.The 6-foot-11 former Brooklyn Net in the NBA will be suiting up yet again and spearheading the Filipinos against the Aussies, ranked 10th in the world, on Feb. 22 in Melbourne and versus the Japanese three days later at Smart Araneta Coliseum.ADVERTISEMENT Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH View comments LATEST STORIES NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers
Land strip in Saifai where construction of the airport is in full swingChief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav wants an airstrip in his birthplace, the Saifai village in Uttar Pradesh’s Etawah district. All is well with his “flight plan” except that it has taken a bird-hit- from the endangered saras cranes.,Land strip in Saifai where construction of the airport is in full swingChief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav wants an airstrip in his birthplace, the Saifai village in Uttar Pradesh’s Etawah district. All is well with his “flight plan” except that it has taken a bird-hit- from the endangered saras cranes. The airstrip is bang in the middle of the habitat of the cranes and is ruining the already depleting wetlands and water bodies of the state.The chief minister, wanting to create his ‘ideal village’, has sanctioned over Rs 500 crore for the Saifai development project which, along with the airport, includes colleges, guest houses, hospitals and a sports stadium. Once constructed, the airfield will be able to land even large aircraft like the Boeing. But the question is, why would anyone want to land Boeings in an ecologically-fragile zone? And even though wildlife conservationists and activists are up in arms, an adamant Mulayam refuses to budge.RUN WAY OF TROUBLEThe airstrip being planned falls smack in the middle of one of the prime habitats of the saras crane in Uttar Pradesh.Already 114 hectares of the 134 hectares of the habitat have been acquired and construction has begun scaring the birds away.While the state harbours the largest population of saras in the world, severe habitat depletion has seen numbers drop drastically.There are about 10,000 cranes in the world, out of which 60 per cent are found in Uttar Pradesh’s Etah, Etawah, Mainpuri and Kannauj districts. Uttar Pradesh-with an area of 24,092,800 sq km accounting for 7.3 per cent of the country’s total land area has very little forest cover left.advertisementForests have been cut to make way for residential and industrial construction to cater to the rapid multiplication of the population. Whatever forests are left are found in the north and south of the state while the Gangetic plains have practically become bald.Official figures reveal that 35,000 hectare of agricultural SARAS CRANES environment land is being converted for non-agricultural use every year, mostly to accommodate expanding housing requirements of the the fast-multiplying population. Adding fuel to fire is the state Government’s whimsical decision to develop industrial zones and estates on rural land.The airstrip on the outskirts of Saifai village will turn hundreds of hectares of agricultural land into concrete. Subsequent air traffic will turn away the saras and 500 species of migratory birds that flock here in winter. The state Government has acquired 132 hectares of land in Saifai, out of which 114 hectares is pure agricultural land.The estimated cost of the airstrip, likely to be completed soon, would not be less than Rs 50 crore, apart from the compensation to farmers whose land is being acquired. “It’s an issue of civilisation versus conservation. If development is to take place, ecology will get affected.B.C. Chowdhary”The airport issue has drawn attention towards the endangered saras.”B.C. CHOWDHARY, WILDLIFE INSTITUTE OF INDIA, DEHRADUN One should try to maintain a balance between development and conservation,” says V.N. Garg, principal secretary, Forest Department. He says that the construction of the airstrip would cause the saras to migrate from just one pocket of Etawah, which is one of the 31 districts of the cranes’ habitat.B.C. Chowdhary, a senior scientist at the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, says, “The airport issue is a blessing in disguise for us and has drawn attention of the state Government towards the endangered saras.”When the Government’s plans of constructing the airport met with resistance from conservationists, Mulayam sanctioned Rs 10 crore for the cranes’ preservation to appease the protesters and to seemingly compensate for damage caused to the bird’s habitat. A strange case of giving with one hand and taking with the other, but with a hidden agenda.Chowdhary says that though the number of cranes had been depleting in Uttar Pradesh for a long time, no one was bothered about this for the past 25 years. He is also concerned about the money being misused. There are plastic boards at many places to educate people about the conservation programme.Water bodies in the state face the danger of drying upChowdhary says that these will not be able to bear the vagaries of weather, and metal boards should have been used instead. If the money is squandered away like this, the saras will soon be extinct. He says there were 111 crane-friendly wetlands in Uttar Pradesh about 40 years back, but in 1994-95, they had dropped to 29. Now, there are even fewer wetlands left.”The depletion of forest cover, shrinking of the wetlands and division of agricultural lands has severely affected avian life and their species in the state, but unfortunately nobody has taken up the matter in the right prospective,” laments Dr Asad Rehmani, director, Bombay Natural History Society.advertisementAt present, there are 2,518 small and medium water bodies-mainly ponds and lakes-in the state. Rehmani warns that the way marshlands are drying up, the avifauna may be affected severely, even in the Terai belt which had been so rich in biodiversity.CRYING FOULSARAS CRANE: There are 10,000 saras cranes in the world out of which 60 per cent are found in Uttar Pradesh’s Etah, Etawah, Mainpuri and Kannauj districts. It is a very large bird, averaging 156 cm in length. It is grey in colour with a bare red head and white crown and a long dark pointed beak. In flight, the long neck is kept straight, unlike herons.LAND CONVERSION: Agricultural land, where saras mostly conceals its eggs and breeds, is being converted into residential and industrial land. According to official estimates, more than 35,000 hectares of agricultural land is being converted for non-agricultural purposes.DWINDLING WETLANDS: Wetlands which are bird-friendly, are fast drying up. From 111 at least 40 years back, they came down to 29 in 1994-95 and the number has further dwindled now. Saras lives mostly in wetlands and around water bodies and agricultural farms. Tallest flying bird, it breeds on the smaller islands in the water bodies and conceals its eggs in bushes around agricultural fields.Farmers consider them auspicious, and they are worshipped by newly-married couples. The birds live in pairs and never split till their death; nor do they change their partners.Poaching and electrocution by rural electrification, along with pressure from fishing, overgrazing, cultivation, drainage and pollution, are major causes for the dwindling numbers of the saras.”The locals revere the saras but migratory labourers kill the birds for their meat and also eat their eggs,” says Rehmani. The same trend is visible in the Etah-Etawah-Mainpuri belt too, leading to a sharp decline in the saras population.On the basis of vegetation and forest, Uttar Pradesh has three ecozones- Terai, Vindhayan ranges and the Gangetic plains. Unfortunately, all the three zones are being systematically destroyed.And if the present speed of disturbing the eco zones continues in the name of population growth, industrialisation and land divisions, the day is not far when Uttar Pradesh might lose its unique status in the abundance of natural life.With the state polls in its sights, the Mulayam Singh Yadav Government seems to have turned a blind eye to the plight of the saras and their impending extinction.But vote banks and winning elections are a far cry from saving the ecology and the environment, and it may be too late for these birds if the state Government doesn’t fly to their rescue soon.
APTN National NewsFor nearly 40 years the Friendship Centre of Montreal has provided services to the urban Aboriginal population in the city.Two months ago, however, the provincial organization suspended its membership.That means the centre now doesn’t have access to thousands of dollars in funding.The centre says the decision was political.APTN National News reporter Danielle Rochette has this story.
Willow FiddlerAPTN News They say it takes a community to raise a child- but what happens when children have to leave their communities for an education?Tanisha Chikane left her home and family in North Caribou Lake First Nation, to attend Dennis Franklin Cromarty High School in Thunder Bay 500 km to the south.She was only 14 years old at the time.“That was hard,” she said. “I didn’t have anybody to look out for me for a while and I had to learn to look out for myself.”Now, Tanisha is being celebrated for her accomplishments.The valedictorian just graduated with 23 of her classmates.The reality for many First Nations in northern Ontario means students have to leave their communities to attend high school.Aaron Guthrie has been a teacher at DFC for nine years.“They’re the ones who’ve made the sacrifice, who’ve said I want to graduate high school and I’m going to put my life on hold,” Guthrie said.He said that also means saying goodbye to parents, siblings and sometimes their own children to move away.High school can be a challenging time for any student and that’s no exception at DFC. Students often travel hundreds of kilometers by plane and road to get to Thunder Bay.Visits home are limited to holidays.Valedictorian Tanisha Chikane and her daughter Baelee. Tanisha plans to pursue welding in college. Photo: Willow Fiddler/APTNTanisha became a mother at 15. She had to leave her daughter Baelee at home with family so she could finish high school.“My mother wouldn’t let me drop out so, she wouldn’t sign the papers,” Tanisha said with a chuckle.She said she focused on her assignments and gave it her all for one reason.“My daughter. I figured since I’m out here I should do my best,” Tanisha said.Guthrie said the students need a supportive community to succeed. At DFC, that means having staff who are committed and dedicated to student life outside of the classrooms.“I tell people all the time I’m not just a teacher. I feel like I’m a part-time teacher, part-time social counselor, part-time friend, part-time parent, part-time coach like we play a lot of roles in our student’s lives,” Guthrie said.Miguel Quequish, also from North Caribou Lake First Nation, faced his own challenges throughout high school.Five years ago, his sister Cheyanne died by suicide.“It was kinda hard the first two years,” Miguel said about her death.“She was like a mom to me. She would always make sure I was well-fed, made sure I made it to school on time.”Miguel Quequish from North Caribou Lake First Nation lost a brother and sister to suicide. They told him to never give up on his education and he plans to go to college in the fall. Photo: Willow Fiddler/APTNThen last October, his brother Trevor also died by suicide.Miguel said he wanted to give up.“It was hard to go back to school. I didn’t feel like going, I didn’t feel like coming out to DFC,” Miguel said through tears.“But the staff and other fellow students helped me pull through and I would like to them for that.”The needs of the students at DFC are diverse and unique but it’s also what brings them together as a community.“We know the kids don’t have their parents with them here, we know that they might need an extra hand, we understand that the majority of our students are coming with some type of traumatic life experience in their back pocket,” Guthrie said.Destiny Fiddler, a young mother from Sandy Lake First Nation, left her daughter at home with her family so she could get her high school diploma. Destiny is going to pursue nursing so she can work in northern communities. Photo: Willow Fiddler/APTNDestiny Fiddler became a young mother two years ago.She came to DFC to graduate last year while her daughter Creelyn stayed home with her family in Sandy Lake First Nation, 600 km northwest of Thunder Bay.She stayed connected to her daughter through FaceTime calls and short visits home.“I kept telling myself and people kept telling me that I was doing it for my daughter and her future,” Destiny said.The future is something Alaina Sakchekapo is excited about. When we first met her two years ago, she had already lived in seven different boarding homes.“Because I didn’t have a stable boarding home, DFC was my stable place,” Alaina said at the graduation ceremony.Alaina kept busy with sports, academics and extracurricular activities. She most recently traveled to Parliament Hill in Ottawa where the students met with political leaders to discuss their needs.“It was very humbling and it really broadened my horizons of what I can do,” she said about her involvement at DFC.Alaina Sakchekapo from North Caribou Lake First Nation lived in 13 different boarding homes while attending high school in Thunder Bay. She is getting her own place with her sister and going to college in the fall. Photo: Willow Fiddler/APTNAlaina said she is planning to stay in Thunder Bay to work for the summer and wants to pursue university to become a teacher – she’s already found her own apartment with her sister.“I’m adulting,” she said with excitement.Miguel said he hopes his brother and sister are proud of him.“They would always threaten me, better finish or else I’m going to break your Xbox or my sister would be like don’t come home until you get that diploma,” he said laughing.Miguel said he doesn’t intend to quit now either, he plans to attend college in the fall.Tanisha said she is also planning to go to college to pursue welding – a skill she picked up thanks the trades program at DFC.While some students have their eyes set on college and university, Guthrie said that’s not always a priority for students.“They’ve been away from home since they were 14 years old and they yearn to go back to live on the land,” he said about the importance of returning home.“To reconnect with their parents and their siblings and their grandparents and you can’t blame them for that.”Valedictorian Tanisha Chikane from North Caribou Lake First Nation. Photo: Willow Fiddler/APTNIn her valedictorian speech, Tanisha said it helped to be in a supportive environment with her peers.“Being around everyone and being a First Nations person gives me such motivation to do the best I can, at all I do,” she said.Both Destiny and Alaina said while they are sad to leave the school they are grateful for the experience.“They make you feel like you’re family right away,” Destiny said, who plans to pursue nursing so she can work in northern communities.Alaina said she is leaving with many great memories but one thing stands out for her.“The people that have helped take care of me while I was out here,” she said.But at the end of the day, it’s the students who deserve the diplomas they’ve worked hard for.“If you don’t go after what you want, you’ll never have it,” Tanisha [email protected]@willowblasizzo
Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 31 Mar 2015 – One hundred and sixty nine people had to overnight in Providenciales unexpectedly, according to reports reaching Magnetic Media after another American Airlines emergency landing on island. Roads were blocked and first responders summoned to the scene last night at the Provo International Airport which took in the 767 which was en route to Miami, Florida from Port Au Prince, Haiti. In a world where tragic plane crashes are drawing heart wrenching headlines and reactions, it is no surprise pilots in spotting problems are seeking safe haven at the first sign of danger. We were informed by Disaster Management and Emergencies that no one was hurt. UK Governors of the Caribbean meet in Miami Haitian gov’t official under investigation commits suicide Related Items:american airlines, emergency landing, miami, provo international airport US Airways no more, last flight to TCI ‘emotional’ Recommended for you Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp