When a student approached Notre Dame psychology professor Alexandra Corning several years ago about writing a senior thesis on eating disorders, Corning said she knew very little about the topic. Now, she conducts research about eating disorders and teaches an undergraduate course titled “Understanding Eating Disorders.” While diagnosable eating disorders are a major concern, Corning said she focuses on the large number of people who struggle with symptoms, but do not have a diagnosable disorder. Statistics, however, are not always accurate because eating disorders and related symptoms are often underreported, according to Valerie Staples, staff clinician and coordinator of eating disorder services at the University Counseling Center. Students wanting to help a friend, Staples said, must address specific concerns about behaviors in a compassionate, nonjudgmental manner. “It’s not about finding the perfect words,” she said. “I don’t have tips on how to make this an easy conversation, but I think there really isn’t a wrong way to tell someone you’re worried about them.” There are three types of eating disorders, Corning said. They fall under the categories of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and not otherwise specified. Not all symptoms fit under these categories, and some fit under all of them. For example, Corning said over-exercising can be a symptom of anorexia, but also a form of purging after binge eating associated with bulimia. “I think that there’s, for some, a misconception that people can’t get better,” she said. “And if I didn’t see people get better, I don’t think I could keep doing this [job.] … It’s a long process of change, but people can overcome an eating disorder and live very long, full lives without this consuming them.” “Even when you’re struggling sub-clinically, you’re struggling,” Corning said. “Our campus, even if you looked around and discovered, yes, full-blown, diagnosable cases are rare … there’s lots of people who are struggling at a sub-clinical level.” While she said the study did not set out to find statistics in that area and was not an entirely random sample, the findings did show that eating disorder symptoms are frequent on campus. While realizing the prevalence of disordered eating and the difficultly of confronting these issues can be discouraging, Staples said she finds hope in stories of recovery. One in three college-aged women has disordered eating habits, although only nearly 10 percent have a full-fledged eating disorder, according the University Counseling Center and resources distributed on Notre Dame’s campus this week as part of Body Image and Eating Disorder Awareness Week, sponsored by the Gender Relations Center. Eating disorders and body image issues are prevalent for the college-aged population due to competition and comparison among students, Staples said. “And [college students today] have grown up in a culture where there’s more bombardment of these images,” she said. Of all the students who came to the University Counseling Center last year, Staples said the Center’s annual report indicates that 10.3 percent reported eating concerns. Yet in addition to working with students who have eating disorders, Staples also meets with concerned friends. “Every year, every semester, I have people calling me or coming in in groups to consult about a friend who they’re worried about,” Staples said. “When I’m consulting with them about how to help a friend, we spend a lot of time talking about not only what they can say to their friend, but also about what to expect.” “Of the people who signed up for our study and were in it … 56.2 percent either had a diagnosable eating disorder or showed symptoms,” Corning said. “It means that if you think no one else is struggling, you’re wrong.” Corning said it is important for students to understand that they are not alone in facing symptoms of eating disorders. A study she did in 2006 found that a great number of female undergraduates at Notre Dame displayed these symptoms. Staples said she finds the amount of student energy and participation in the event this week to be extremely encouraging. One of the most important aspects of Body Image and Eating Disorder Awareness Week is based on educating students about how they might help a friend with an eating disorder, she said. “Even if students on campus think that they don’t know somebody with an eating disorder, it’s very likely they do,” she said. “We have a lot of members of our community who are really struggling and who are in a lot of physical and emotional pain.” Eating disorder symptoms are prevalent in both men and women in part because popular culture provides constant reminders of a thin ideal for women and a muscular ideal for men, Corning said.
Government is set to roll out the revised burial protocols that are going to guide Kenyans on how to conduct decent burials moving forward.Speaking during COVID-19 daily briefings, Head of Public Health, Dr. Francis Kuria noted that the protocols are going to address the issue of stigma especially the ´men in white´ and be able to release the body to the next of kin for burial.“The risks of transmission during burial are almost nil. That is if the proper regulations to conduct burials are observed,” noted Dr Kuria.Also Read Relief for families as MOH revises Covid-19 burial protocols Dr Kuria further noted that the number of patients requiring critical care has gone down from as high as 67 from mid July to 27 in September.“As at today we have 664 patients in hospitals. Out of those, 25 are in ICU while 10 are on supplemental oxygen,” noted Dr Kuria.This even as the country´s fatality rate nears 600 after 2 patients succumbed in the last 24 hours bringing total cumulative number of fatalities in the country to 599. According to Chief Administrative Secretary Dr Rashid Aman, Kenya´s death rate stands at 1.7% which he says is extremely low compared to other Western countries whose rate has hit as high as 7%.He noted that the low death rate has been observed in other Sub-Saharan countries too saying studies are being done to determine the difference in the rate.Many hypothesis have been proposed including age demographics in Africa since most of the population in Africa comprises of young people. “Most our cases are asymptomatic, environment too in terms of temperatures has been raised as a hypothesis and genetics, all these are theories being looked into by scientists to ascertain how COVID-19 is affecting people in differents continents,” noted Dr Aman.,Also Read COVID-19: Kenya records 98 new cases, 62 recoveries, 2 deaths Also Read Uhuru extends curfew ahead of his address Tuesday next week He said burials will be supervised at a lower scale to minimise stigmatisation.Get breaking news on your Mobile as-it-happens. SMS ‘NEWS’ to 20153
NEW YORK, USA (Reuters) – Serena Williams must put her career first after the birth of her first child if she wants to regain her place at the top of women’s tennis, according to her coach Patrick Mouratoglou.Former world number one Williams is due to become a mother in the coming days but has hinted she would like to defend her Australian Open title in Melbourne starting on January 15.Mouratoglou, who has coached Williams since 2012, is hoping she will be ready in time.“I know she will of course love her baby, be an incredible mother, be very protective, I’m sure of that, but I’m sure on the other hand that she will not let anyone or anything be between her and her career,” he told Reuters at Flushing Meadows.No one knows how Williams will feel after she becomes a mother and Mouratoglou said everything will depend on how the 23-time grand slam winner adjusts to her new life.“She’s always put her career first. She will take unbelievable care of the baby but her career is going to stay first. And if she doesn’t put her career first, I think she will stop,” he added.“If she puts her tennis second, she might be not as good as she could be and this she will not accept. She’s the biggest professional I’ve ever met.”The Frenchman, who has won 10 grand slam titles with Williams, believes he can make the American as good as she was before even though she turns 36 next month.“I cannot have the same success as I had with Serena with everyone,” he said. “I know my ability, I did it 100 times, if I have to do it 101 times I will.“I have to find a way, there is always a way to find. That’s what’s exciting about our job, to find a way to bring them to their maximum.”