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first_imgCosta Rica’s export figures in January totaled $878 million, which represents an increase of 7.2 percent in the last 12 months, the Foreign Trade Promotion Office (PROCOMER) reported on Wednesday.In a press release, PROCOMER said that “North America maintains its position as the main destination in the region for national exports, with 41.2 percent ($361.6 million), followed by the European Union with 17.3 percent ($151.5 million), Asia with 15.7 percent ($138.1 million), and Central America with 15.2 percent ($133.3 million).”Microprocessor components remain the main export product, followed by pineapples, bananas, medical components and coffee, the report stated.The amount of exports from Costa Rica totaled $ 16.8 billion in 2012, an increase of 8.9 percent over the previous year, according to PROCOMER. Facebook Comments No related posts.last_img read more

first_img GLENDALE, Ariz. — In their first meeting this season, the Arizona Cardinals needed five forced turnovers to beat the lowly San Francisco 49ers.Their second game against the NFC West foe went quite differently, albeit with the same result: a win.Arizona (2-6) lost the turnover battle 2-0, but a steady defensive effort that started with a switch to a base 4-3 look stymied the NFL’s third-best rushing attack that entered Sunday averaging 5.0 yards per carry. The 5: Takeaways from the Coyotes’ introduction of Alex Meruelo 1 Comments   Share   Former Cardinals kicker Phil Dawson retires Grace expects Greinke trade to have emotional impact “I thought the run defense looked well,” head coach Steve Wilks said. “I thought we did a pretty good job of stopping the run today.”In the Cardinals’ 18-15 comeback win at State Farm Stadium, San Francisco averaged 3.5 yards per carry as Arizona regularly deployed a trio of linebackers: Haason Reddick, Josh Bynes and Deone Bucannon, the last of whom hasn’t played regularly or recorded a tackle dating back a month.“You just feel it. When everybody is making those plays and just everybody was flying around, that’s the type of defense we’re about,” Bucannon said after recording five tackles. “Everybody feeding off each other, we’re having the offense’s back, the offense having our back. That’s football.Related LinksRosen, Fitzgerald lead Cardinals to comeback win vs. 49ersRapid Reactions: Josh Rosen gets first comeback victory for CardinalsCardinals RB David Johnson returns after being evaluated for concussionThere’s a first time for everything: Larry Fitzgerald spikes the ball“Whatever my role is, I’m going to be the same. I’m here to play football.”The move to a three-linebacker look was partially to match up against a run-heavy team.But it also came as safety Tre Boston sat out for the second game in a row.So the Cardinals shifted nickel corner Budda Baker to deep safety on first and second downs for most of the night. He moved into the box on the majority of third-down plays, while starting corner Bene Benwikere slid to safety and backup corner Jamar Taylor took over the second cornerback position. Top Stories San Francisco 49ers running back Alfred Morris (46) is hit by Arizona Cardinals linebacker Haason Reddick (43) and free safety Antoine Bethea (41) during the second half of an NFL football game, Sunday, Oct. 28, 2018, in Glendale, Ariz. (AP Photo/Rick Scuteri) Derrick Hall satisfied with D-backs’ buying and selling “We just wanted to mix it up a little bit,” Wilks said of the personnel changes. “When you play a team twice, you want to try to show them something different. We wanted to go with base because of they were trying to do with 21 personnel.”The success up front also came as veteran tackle Corey Peters sat out due to an ankle injury, leaving Robert Nkemdiche and Rodney Gunter to do the work inside. They got help from Markus Golden, the defensive end who put together his best game (seven tackles, 1.0 sack, two tackles for loss) since returning from a torn ACL.The 49ers recorded a total net of 61 yards but led 5-3 at half, scoring in the first quarter on a safety when Arizona quarterback Josh Rosen was flagged for intentional grounding in the Cardinals’ own end zone. San Francisco added a field goal in the second quarter that was set up by a Rosen interception deep in Arizona territory.The only defensive breakdown for the Cardinals came when Niners receiver Marquise Goodwin separated from Patrick Peterson on a slant and took it 55 yards for a score. That made it a 12-3 San Francisco lead with six minutes left in the third quarter, seemingly putting enough of a buffer between San Francisco and an opponent with an equally lifeless offense. But while the Arizona offense surprisingly came to life, the defense kept showing up.On the 49ers’ next possession, they drove 73 yards but stalled a few plays into the fourth quarter. A quarterback sneak on 3rd-and-6 from the Arizona 6-yard line was snuffed out by safety Antoine Bethea, who had missed part of the drive after suffering a stinger. He tackled quarterback C.J. Beathard at the 2-yard line, forcing a 20-yard field goal that made it 15-3 with 13:33 to go.The play proved pivotal.On the next Niners possession, Peterson broke up a deep shot as Beathard attempted to connect with Goodwin on a post route. And after an Arizona drive ended with five minutes left when tight end Jermaine Gresham fumbled in San Francisco territory, the Cardinals defense got off the field in five plays to give the offense one more touch with 2:16 left.That was enough for Rosen to lead the offense on a 73-yard touchdown drive in just 1:42 for the lead, leaving just 34 seconds left on the clock.“We know we’ve been capable of playing this style of ball,” Bethea said.“That was one of our emphasis on Thursday, two-minute. Defense getting off the field, offense going in there, getting in the end zone.”last_img read more

first_imgHe says he knows what it’s like to live the life of an outcast.Siddharth Dube came of age as a gay man in India in the 1990s — a time when a law dating back to 1864, Section 377, criminalized homosexuality, calling it an “unnatural offense.” (The law was struck down by India’s Supreme Court in September 2018.)Now a specialist in poverty and public health policy, Dube has written a memoir, An Indefinite Sentence: A Personal History of Outlawed Love and Sex.The book is not just about his own quest to find love and societal acceptance. It’s also an account of the activism of India’s marginalized sex workers and LGBT community as they battled violations of their human rights in the earliest days of the AIDS epidemic — having blood drawn without consent, for example.A graduate of Tufts University, the University of Minnesota’s School of Journalism and the Harvard School of Public Health, Dube has worked and consulted for the World Bank, UNICEF and the World Health Organization and was senior adviser in 2005-2006 to the executive director of UNAIDS, a special United Nations effort to tackle AIDS.You write about how you were constantly taunted during your school years for acting like a “sissy boy.” How did you cope during this difficult time? I coped by trying to my utmost to behave just like other boys, including my brothers, to exactly copy their mannerisms and their interests. I also desperately excised any aspects of my mannerisms that I thought were feminine and hence forbidden to males, including gentleness. Unfortunately, my efforts didn’t succeed. All through my school years, and then into my undergraduate college years in Delhi, I was mocked and ostracized for being “sissy” and “girly.”How did your family treat you?I was enormously lucky as my parents were not only fiercely protective of us children but they also had a remarkably independent-thinking streak. So I didn’t face any censure from them about my femininity — not once! In contrast, I did begin to feel a sense of distance and inferiority to my brothers as a result of being teased by them about my feminine looks and mannerisms.Do you think it’s any different for boys growing up today in India – or around the world? Do we still hold the same rigid and potentially damaging views about gender? Boys and men in many parts of India are raised to be far more gentle and “feminine” — and comfortable with physical and emotional intimacy — than is the norm for Western/American males. This was true then [in the ’70s], and remains true until today.Yet despite those attitudes, you lived as a gay man in India in the 1980s and ’90s at a time when homosexuality was outlawed by Section 377. What was that like? Arguably, the worst impact was the deadening sense of fear we all lived in. I remember the utter terror I felt when I was arrested with my long-term partner in Delhi one night in 1988, merely because we lived openly together. The only reason we weren’t persecuted further was because of my family’s privileged position. Few other Indians had that kind of protection, and so the wiser course in those dangerous times for most gay Indian men and women was to be invisible, to deny themselves normal, fulfilled lives.How damaging was this silence for the LGBT community? The silence had to do with a very real fear of persecution, exposure and shame. The consequences were tragic. For instance, there is no doubt that countless gay men and trans individuals in India contracted HIV as a result of the fears engendered by Section 377. By now, because of the AIDS pandemic, it is well understood how criminalization and marginalization multiply the risks of disease, for instance by keeping people from openly learning about safe-sex methods or by forestalling healthy romantic relationships.And now that the law is gone …?There is an enormous sense of relief, the feeling that we can hope to lead full lives with the expectation of happiness and fulfillment just like everyone else.Another huge impact is in restoring a sense of self-respect and dignity. And we are now filled with hope and determination that these changes will be speedily reflected in vital legal and policy changes in India — such as in terms of equalizing marriage, inheritance and adoption rights irrespective of sexual or gender orientation.In your book, you tell us how the AIDS pandemic affected the lives of women sex workers in India. The first few cases of HIV in India were identified in women sex workers in 1986. Consequently, [these women sex workers] came to be associated with AIDS, just as the United States epidemic came to be associated with gay men.And just as in the U.S. with gay men, women sex workers in India were the victims of persecution and abuse by the government as well as from other quarters. They were arrested in mass drives, their blood was drawn without consent and they were cruelly incarcerated for months and even years, separated from their children and families without being told why. It is because of those experiences that countless sex workers in India have long demanded decriminalization of their work.And you support that position?Decriminalizing sex work frees the many women, trans individuals and men who sell sex from the fear of prosecution by the police and other arms of the state. It is the necessary starting point for enabling them to tackle the other hardships they face, ranging from societal stigma and imbued notions of shame to feelings of powerlessness.How did sex workers and people from the LGBT community push back against the societal stigma of AIDS? Tell us about the pioneers of the movement who helped bring about societal acceptance. Change came through the efforts of pioneering individuals and grassroots groups. For instance, in my book I document the life of Selvi, one of the very first sex workers to be identified with HIV, back in 1986. She suffered [an] abusive marriage, years of selling sex to support herself and her young son, her HIV diagnosis and then long years of imprisonment because she was an HIV-infected sex worker.Right until her death in 1998, Selvi was a tireless crusader, not only to keep other sex workers from contracting HIV but importantly also for far-reaching legal reform, beginning with decriminalization, in other words with getting the exploitative police out of their lives.In 1993, you joined the health policy division of the World Bank as a policy analyst. You are very critical of the experience in your book. Actually, I’m critical of much of what is called international development. Its failures are chronic and multitudinous. The blame for these failures spans all the way from both donor- and developing-country governments to Westerners who continue to think of poorer countries in damagingly sensationalistic terms, for instance as hotbeds of “modern-day” slavery.But regarding the Bank, yes, I felt that in small ways and big, the institution’s entitlements and power crippled its ability to promote well-being in the countries it worked in. It became clear to me on a firsthand basis from the public health projects that I worked on. Our reports were written from the best hotels.Despite several visits to such countries as Kenya and Uganda, I knew next to nothing about them, feeling much like a rich first-world tourist gazing uncomprehendingly at “third world” sights from a cocoon of luxury.What are the lessons that the global development community should never forget in the past four decades of battling HIV/AIDS? One critical lesson is to pay heed to data and other forms of empirical knowledge.In the case of India’s sex workers, for instance, a wealth of data shows that today only 1 in 10 ever work in a brothel. Instead, the overwhelming majority operates from their homes or small lodges, often using mobile phones. Yet, in the popular Western imagination, all of India’s sex workers work in the heinous conditions of Mumbai’s brothels of the 1980s.And there is a pointed lesson about humility. The West simply does not hold all the answers and have all the knowledge. It speaks volumes that U.S. government policies on AIDS, sexual rights and reproductive rights have more often than not put destructive moralizing before humanitarian and social justice imperatives [for example, groups worldwide receiving U.S. funding were barred from discussing condom use with young people and many adults, with the exception of “those who practice high-risk behaviors].The title of your book refers to an “indefinite sentence.” But now that Section 377 has been abolished, what does the title mean to you?The indefinite sentence is indeed lifting now for gay and trans individuals in India. But it continues for sex workers — and my motivation in writing this book was to draw attention to the terrible injustice done to them.How did writing this book change you?It changed me in more ways than I can count. There’s a special kind of liberation that has come from being able to make clear sense of my life, to make sense of the needless harm that was done to me. I needed to be in my 50s to be able to see my life in this larger perspective.Of course, only a portion of this book is about me — more than half is about the scores of women sex workers, gay men and trans women whom I’ve met over the decades. And getting to write a history of their remarkable lives and efforts, which have led to all kinds of progress in India, was equally transformative for me.Kamala Thiagarajan is a freelance journalist based in Madurai, India, who has written for The International New York Times, BBC Travel and Forbes India. You can follow her @kamal_t. Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.last_img read more

first_imgTechnology This story appears in the July 2006 issue of Entrepreneur. Subscribe » Learn how to successfully navigate family business dynamics and build businesses that excel. Magazine Contributor –shares Add to Queue 2 min read New Options in Broadband Connectivity High-bandwidth cellular is breaking out all over. Would you believe 7Mbps-plus download speeds? How about 14Mbps-plus? Those are speeds GSM and CDMA networks, respectively, will achieve, says Qualcomm–although not long before late 2007.In the interim, cellular carriers are busy upgrading their pipes to still-zippy 3G minimums of 450Kbps to 800Kbps downstream and 300Kbps to 400Kbps upstream. Carriers say their UMTS and 1xEV-DO revisions of GSM and CDMA, respectively, should cover all major U.S. cities by year-end.Specifically, Cingular Wireless plans to expand its UMTS BroadbandConnect from 16 urban areas to most major markets. Sprint Nextel is upgrading its Power Vision network to a faster EV-DO version with 3.1Mbps bursts that should reach 190 million Americans. And 3G pioneer Verizon Wireless hopes to cover 200 million consumers with the faster EV-DO flavor over its Broadband Access network. Novatel Wirelessand Sierra Wirelessare already shipping the laptop built-ins and PC card receivers for tapping these networks. And the thin selection of 3G-capable smartphones will expand noticeably in coming months.These multibillion-dollar investments may have something to do with Intel’s boast that 1Mbps to 4Mbps mobile WiMAX will arrive in laptops this year, at least three months ahead of schedule. But broadband cellular still has quite a head start, and its relatively low cost, slim hardware profile and unmatched mobility make for a wide-area broadband solution with all the speed most entrepreneurs need.What’s it for? Messaging, web browsing and transferring big graphics files, of course. But the new WAN pipes are also arriving just in time to satisfy our growing interest in streaming video, mobile TV, mapping and navigation. Verizon’s VCast TV service already covers all West Coast urban centers and the Eastern Seaboard from Portland, Maine, to Richmond, Virginia. GPS navigation companies like TeleNavsee the new networks as a long-awaited opportunity to expand into location-based services. Who knows what enterprising entrepreneurs will dream up once the infrastructure is in place?Just don’t blink: 3G is here, and 3.5G and 4G solutions are coming up fast. Free Webinar | July 31: Secrets to Running a Successful Family Business Next Article Feel the need for speed? Cellular broadband is ready for liftoff. July 1, 2006 Mike Hogan Register Now »last_img read more

first_img Is your PC healthy? Don’t be too sure. Think back to when you heard a kerklunk sound coming from the hard drive. Or maybe you remember the last time your Internet connection was down (and I don’t mean just a little depressed).The best way to find out what’s wrong is to take a proactive approach: Check under your PC’s hood with the following mostly free diagnostic tools, and see if anything is amiss–before disaster strikes.Hard Drive HealthHard drives are about as stable as the stock market. The more you know about your drive–the brand-specific idiosyncrasies and the diagnostic sounds that drives produce–the better prepared you are for the inevitable crash. Here are a couple of helpful services and programs.Hard Drive Inspector: This utility is always on guard, monitoring all your drives for spin rate, seek time, and almost 20 other potential problem spots. Hard Drive Inspector gives you technical data, including the drive model, firmware version, and serial number, all things you’ll need to know when calling for warranty support.It displays the hard drive’s temperature in the system tray. If the drive gets too toasty (I have mine set for 120 degrees Fahrenheit), the program can send you an e-mail alert–or, better, automatically put the computer in Standby mode.You can view a summary health report, which typically has enough information for most users; the S.M.A.R.T. report has the details. The program costs $30, but you can download a 15-day trial version of Hard Drive Inspector to get a feel for the tool.DataCent’s Hard Drive Sounds: You shouldn’t hear more than a low hum from your hard drive. But drives don’t know the rules, and they often make weird sounds, emitting thuds, screeches, knocks, or whining. Determining whether one of the sounds means trouble can be, well, troublesome.The data-recovery company DataCent has an extraordinarily helpful site that plays the actual sounds of bad or unstable drive heads, stuck spindles, wobbly bearings, and media with bad spots, to name a few. You can hear your specific drive brand.The company also offers another valuable tool that lists typical hard-drive failures by manufacturer.Broadband Speed TestsDoes your broadband Internet connection feel more like a sluggish dial-up link? Put it to the test by recording your connection speed every 30 minutes or so for a couple of days. Keep a log, and if the speed is nowhere near advertised rates, send the results to your ISP–and raise a ruckus. If you complain vigorously yet politely, chances are good that the provider will have you back at full speed ahead in short order. With all of the following tests, resist the temptation to check e-mail or browse the Web while testing, so as not to alter the results.Quick tip: If any of these online tests don’t work, give me a call for help. Just kidding–instead, make sure you have the current version of the Flash Player; if not, download and install it.DSLReports: The granddaddy of online testing, DSLReports gives you a stack of tests to try. The Speed Test has a cool car-dashboard-like interface that watches your upload and download speeds.You can test your speed by using any of six servers in different locations. You’ll obtain a good average by testing with two; try one close to home and another across the country.If you’re worried about your connection while gaming, use the site’s Line Quality test to look for packet loss and excessive latency. Make sure to register and log in when testing–that way you can compare results months apart.Speedtest.net: You’ll see pretty much the same results from broadband speed testing at Speedtest.net. But this site is quicker to get to than DSLReports, and it has an oh-so-nifty interface, the kind you want to show off when friends are in your office.Internet Connection QualityIn addition to running overall speed tests, you can use other tools and tricks to improve your online experience.VoIP Speed Test: If you’re making phone calls over the Internet, make sure you have the bandwidth–as well as the quality of service–to get decent VoIP sound, using the VoIP Speed Test.The bandwidth analysis tells you the percentage of VoIP service quality to expect from your connection, as well as the number of concurrent VoIP lines your connection can support.Down for Everyone or Just Me: You head for a Web site, but you get an error. I know you’ve said it:”Is the site down, or is it my problem?”Now there’s a way to find out. Type a Web site’s URL into Down for Everyone or Just Me? (a smartly named site, no?), and it will give you the scoop. Very handy–using it keeps you from bothering coworkers or members of your buddy list.Fixes for Wi-Fi woes: If you use Wi-Fi, turning your router’s Quality of Service (QoS) settings on will definitely help with some applications. For more, see our story “Optimize Wi-Fi for VoIP,Video, and Gaming,” which has tips for tweaking the data transmission speeds of your wireless network.More Internet advice: To give your Internet connection a goose, see “Internet Boosters.” And to prepare for the times when your connection gives up the ghost, check out “Five Quick Fixes forInternet Connection Hang-Ups.”Inside Your PC Not everyone can recite the MAC address of their PC’s network card or the driver version for their graphics board (not even me). If your computer is hiccuping, knowing exactly what hardware and system software you have inside your PC is invaluable.For troubleshooting, being armed with such details is ideal: You can pass them along to tech support, to your computer guru (no, definitely not me), or to an online help forum.PC Pitstop: If you want to visit just one site to test your PC, I’d recommend PC Pitstop’s Full Test. This comprehensive tool not only gives you an unbeatable hardware report but also alerts you to various potential problems that could be harming performance.After I used it recently on my machine, PC Pitstop recommended 11 fixes, gave me a 35-count list of system specs, provided an even longer list of installed hardware, told me what drivers I needed to upgrade, tallied almost 40 performance results, and–get this–compared my PC’s ratings with those of all the other computers that PC Pitstop has tested.If you create a free account, you can save the reports and refer back to them. One warning: If you have a pop-up or ad blocker, disable it before starting the tests.Belarc Advisor: You can put your PC on the couch and run the free Belarc Advisor to obtain an inventory of your system’s hardware. But that alone is no big deal. Where Belarc shines is in its comprehensive analysis of the software installed on your PC, including the version numbers.Equally useful is the report of Microsoft security hotfixes that are missing from your system, as well as the list of software licenses. After you run the scan, save the HTML page in a safe spot so that you can refer to it if the worst happens.SIW–System Information for Windows: You can ask the SIW tool anything about your PC–it’ll give you a list of regional settings or scheduled tasks, or which DLLs are loaded and which are shared.How about which video and audio codecs you have installed, or details about your network or open ports? SIW has everything, offering lists that you can easily access from toolbar shortcuts or from a panel with a hierarchy list.By the way, because SIW is a stand-alone utility that you don’t need to install, it’ll run directly from a USB flash drive, a floppy (if you still have one), a burned rescue CD, or a network drive.Be careful: Unless you uncheck the Add Crawler Toolbar to IE and Firefox box during the installation, SIW will automatically install that toolbar and make it your default search provider.Not a cool thing for such a useful tool to do.Steve Bass is a former PC World contributing editor who now publishes a weekly newsletter at TechBite.com . Reach him at stevebass@techbite.com . Brought to you by PCWorld The only list that measures privately-held company performance across multiple dimensions—not just revenue. December 3, 2008 Growth Strategies Test Your PC With 10 (Mostly) Free Sites and Tools Steve Bass Is your PC healthy? Don’t be too sure. Think back to when you heard a kerklunk sound coming from the hard drive. Or maybe you remember the last time your Internet connection was down (and I don’t mean just a little depressed).center_img 8 min read Next Article –shares Add to Queue 2019 Entrepreneur 360 List Apply Now »last_img read more

first_imgTesla 3 min read Reuters This story originally appeared on Reuters Fireside Chat | July 25: Three Surprising Ways to Build Your Brand Wall Street Values Tesla Motors at $620,000 Per Car Sold Last Year Add to Queue Learn from renowned serial entrepreneur David Meltzer how to find your frequency in order to stand out from your competitors and build a brand that is authentic, lasting and impactful.center_img 49shares Image credit: Reuters | Beck Diefenbach Company founder and CEO Elon Musk may not mention Tesla Motors Inc.’s  stock price when his electric car company gives its latest financial update on Wednesday, but it will be front and center for investors divided over its seemingly rich valuation.After a rally that ended in April, Tesla’s market capitalization is currently about $31 billion — equivalent to $620,000 for every car it delivered last year, or $63,000 for every car it hopes to produce in 2020.By comparison, General Motors Co.’s $48 billion market value is equivalent to about $4,800 for every vehicle it sold last year.Tesla’s heady valuation — about 125 times the next 12 months of expected earnings — and the implication that shareholders may be overpaying for Musk’s small but fast-growing luxury car company have made the stock a favorite of short sellers.Short sellers borrow shares and then sell them, hoping to buy them back later at a cheaper price.Tesla is among the world’s 10 most-shorted companies by market value, even after an 85 percent rally earlier this year scalded some of those short sellers. In the past month, short bets against Tesla fell by over $1 billion, but are still above $6 billion, according to financial analytics firm S3 Partners.”This is not just day traders coming in and out of the market. This is fundamental guys who have put it in their portfolio and are saying, ‘We don’t believe this valuation is correct,'” said Ihor Dusaniwsky, S3’s head of research.Vilas Capital Management Chief Executive John Thompson, one of those short sellers, said he believes investors underestimate the hurdles Tesla faces trying to rapidly increase production, including the cost to build future high-end robotic assembly lines.”They’re going to have to spend an enormous amount of money on capital expenditures to achieve their long-term goals and they don’t have the money because they don’t have the earnings,” Thompson said. “So they’re going to have to sell stock to finance it.”Musk has promised to turn Tesla’s first net profit by the fourth quarter. After selling 52,000 cars last year, Tesla aims to sell 500,000 annually by 2020.But its stock price suggests investors expect even more aggressive growth.If Tesla shares were to grow 10 percent a year for the next 10 years — not unreasonable for a popular growth company — it would have to reach annual sales of 1.5 million cars at triple GM’s typical $1,000-per-car profit to justify a more moderate price-earnings ratio of 20. Last year GM sold 10 million cars and Ford sold 6.6 million.Tesla could make money in the future selling batteries or autonomous vehicles, but its valuation is questionable nonetheless and leaves no allowance for operational setbacks, said Georgetown University business professor James Angel.”This stock is definitely priced to perfection. If he pulls everything off, it’s probably worth its current value, but there’s a huge amount of execution risk here,” Angel said.Recent problems like malfunctioning doors and glitchy sensors have cast light on the difficulty of quickly expanding production as Tesla prepares to launch its Model 3 sedan next year.When it reports first-quarter results on Wednesday, analysts will watch to see whether it is on track to deliver positive cash flow for 2016 and become profitable.(Additional reporting by Alexandria Sage in San Francisco; Editing by G Crosse and Matthew Lewis) Next Article May 4, 2016 Enroll Now for $5last_img read more

first_imgReviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Apr 16 2019Researchers have provided the first evidence that mass drug administration (MDA) can grant community-level protection against Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) malaria.Their findings, published today in eLife, suggest that malaria elimination programs intending to use MDA as part of their efforts should approach communities in a way that encourages high levels of buy in and participation.The global burden of malaria has decreased over the last decade and many nations are aiming to eliminate the disease altogether, but a major challenge to this goal is people carrying malaria parasites without showing any symptoms.One method to help clear all infections in a community is MDA, whereby everyone is asked to take antimalarial drugs at the same time, regardless of whether or not they feel ill. This approach should be used only after routine malaria control measures are established, such as the distribution of mosquito nets and treatment of clinical cases.Related StoriesScientists identify malaria’s Achilles’ heelMosquito surveillance in Madagascar reveals new insight into malaria transmissionMalaria free status for Algeria and Argentina”Several studies have shown that MDA is a promising approach for reducing malaria burdens, but its success depends largely on community buy in,” explains first author Daniel Parker, Assistant Professor in the Department of Population Health and Disease Prevention at the University of California, Irvine, US. “If enough community members participate, then even those who aren’t treated, such as young children or pregnant women, should be better protected as the number of infections are reduced – otherwise known as the ‘herd effect’. However, the idea of a herd effect providing additional levels of population protection against malaria has not yet been observed.”To explore this, Parker and his team used detailed data from an MDA trial in Kayin State, Myanmar. Their study covered four villages, which were selected based on P. falciparum malaria prevalence surveys, over the period from May 2013 to June 2015. A total of 3,229 villagers, including both males and females, were included in the analysis.Their findings revealed that individuals who lived in a neighborhood with high participation in MDA were less likely to have malaria. Meanwhile, those from neighborhoods with low MDA adherence had an almost three times higher chance of contracting malaria following treatment. In both cases, these results were regardless of whether or not the individuals took antimalarial drugs themselves, meaning that community participation is crucial to MDA success.”MDA is an important tool in the fight against malaria, and our work paves the way for further research and improvements to current practices concerning this method,” Parker concludes. “In particular, it highlights the importance of approaching communities in an engaging and appropriate manner if we are to encourage their involvement in MDA.” Source:https://elifesciences.org/for-the-press/27be0947/mass-drug-administrations-can-grant-population-protection-against-malarialast_img read more

first_imgKUALA LUMPUR (Reuters) – Malaysia’s Anwar Ibrahim, jailed twice for what he says were trumped-up sodomy charges, said on Thursday he has the support needed to become prime minister and denied calling for a potential challenger to resign over a new gay sex scandal. FILE PHOTO: Malaysian politician Anwar Ibrahim speaks during the Singapore Summit in Singapore, September 15, 2018. REUTERS/Edgar SuIndications of divisions in Anwar’s People’s Justice Party (PKR) surfaced after a series of videos circulated among politicians and journalists in June, allegedly showing Economic Affairs Minister Azmin Ali and another man having sex. Gay sex is illegal in Malaysia, and carries penalties of jail and whipping if convicted. Azmin, the deputy head of PKR and seen as close to Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, said he was not in the videos which he called a “nefarious plot” to end his career. Anwar denied news reports that he had called for Azmin to resign if the videos were proved to be authentic. Anwar said his comments were taken out of context. “On the issue of the sex video, from the beginning we expressed disgust at the manner the gutter politics has been played,” Anwar told reporters in parliament on Thursday. Anwar brushed aside talk of a challenge from Azmin for the premiership. “I’ve got the numbers, I’ve got the support of Pakatan Harapan and the prime minister,” he said, referring to the ruling coalition of which PKR is the biggest party. “It is not fair to me or to Azmin to indicate otherwise.” Anwar was earlier rebuked by more than 20 members of PKR’s supreme council over his comments reported on Wednesday. “We urge (Anwar) as the Party President to stop making such divisive statements,” the council said in a statement. “We call upon him to work instead to unite the party in the interest of our members, Pakatan Harapan and our country.” Anwar said he accepted the criticism, which he said was a call for him to strengthen party unity. Reporting by Joseph Sipalan; Editing by Nick MacfieOur Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.last_img read more

first_imgSHARE SHARE EMAIL At least 50 fire fighting units worked through entire last night to bring under control a massive fire at a leading plastics manufacturing and exporting unit in the city suburbs.Sources from the Family Plastics unit at Manvila near here have estimated a loss of Rs 500 crore from the fire after it was first detected at 6.30 pm last evening.’Sabotate not ruled out’Since the fire accident took place on the eve of the Kerala Formation Day, it was another reminder to the vulnerability of the State to disasters, natural or man-made, after the devastating August floods.Initially, an electric short circuit was suspected to be the immediate cause, but the company is not ruling out sabotage, which the State Government has promised to ascertain through a probe. At least 120 workers, who had punched in for the night shift, made their escape on time as they noticed black smoke emanating from the upper decks of a four-storeyed godown.Concerted action by fire tenders brought from here and neighbouring Kollam as well as Kanyakumari district in Tamil Nadu ensured that the blaze was contained at source. There was no way firemen could have gone anywhere near the blazing inferno, given the spread of thick and noxious smoke, intense heat, and at least 20 explosions heard from within.Fire and rescue services suspected that tonnes of plastic goods, barrels of chemicals and diesel, apart from gas, stored in the godown at the sprawling two-acre compound caused the explosion. No casualties were reported except for two persons having been rushed to hospital with breathing problems after inhaling the smoke.’May not affect cricket’Thiruvananthapuram district administration has announced a holiday for two corporation wards in the vicinity after the prevailing winds carried the smoke and ash to some distance. Devaswom Minister Kadakampally Surendran, who represents the area in the Assembly, said that the one-day cricket match between India and West Indies scheduled for today would not be affected.The Sports Hub, which hosts the match, is located within a few kilometres of Manvila, and it was widely feared if the fire could pose a problem for conducting the match. The Kerala Cricket Association has said that a final check would be conducted before giving the clearance to the day-and-night match scheduled to begin at 1.30 pm.Light thundershowers during the night are reported to be generating even more smoke from the fire, which the authorities say would have to subside on its own, given the toxic nature of the stuff exposed.Their effort was to contain the fire and prevent the flames leaping into another spot within the compound where more inflammable materials are kept. They seem to have managed to do it, but not before bring all the resources at command, including those from the Thiruvananthapuram international airport and the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre. COMMENT fire November 01, 2018 Published on SHARE COMMENTS Thiruvananthapuramlast_img read more

first_imgKUALA LUMPUR: Three drug syndicate members have been arrested after a string of raids that crippled a drug-processing ring.Bukit Aman Narcotic Crimes Investigation Department (NCID) acting director Deputy Comm Datuk Kamarulzaman Mamat said five raids were conducted on July 10 in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur.“Various chemicals and equipment worth around RM9.56mil was seized then,” he said at a press conference in Bukit Aman on Friday (July 12).Most of the drugs seized, he said, were found when they raided a house within a high-end residential area in Bukit Tengku. Nation 14 May 2019 Plane to Busan – two drug mules held Related News {{category}} {{time}} {{title}} Around 56kg of syabu was uncovered, as well as ecstasy pills.Police arrested the first suspect then and this led to the arrest of two more members. “Investigations are still ongoing to determine if the suspects were the ‘cookers’,” said DCP Kamarulzaman.Four cars were also seized, as well as RM37,000 in cash.“If these drugs were to hit the streets, it could be used by around 500,000 drug addicts,” he said. The police also believe the trio had only been operating for a month or two.In an unrelated matter, DCP Kamarulzaman urged Malaysians to not fall prey to drug syndicates by being their drug mules.“There have been more and more of these cases involving Malaysians lately, so I would like to bring up this issue again,” he said, referring to two recent arrests on July 6 at KLIA2.On July 6, KLIA police arrested two men for attempting to smuggle drugs in their shoes as they were about to board a flight to Busan, Korea.center_img Related News Nation 09 Jul 2019 Penang cops cripple drug syndicate, arrest eight, seize RM127k of heroin Nation 13 May 2019 Drug mules taking ‘Plane to Busan’ nabbed with RM8mil worth of syabu strapped to bodieslast_img read more